[28:22] As he traveled towards Midyan, he said, “May my Lord guide me in the right path.” [28:23] When he reached Midyan’s water, he found a crowd of people watering, and noticed two women waiting on the side. He said, “What is it that you need?” They said, “We are not able to water, until the crowd disperses, and our father is an old man.” [28:24] He watered for them, then turned to the shade, saying, “My Lord, whatever provision You send to me, I am in dire need for it.” [28:25] Soon, one of the two women approached him, shyly, and said, “My father invites you to pay you for watering for us.” When he met him, and told him his story, he said, “Have no fear. You have been saved from the oppressive people.”
Moses fulfills the need of others then asks God to fulfill his needs. In return, God provides him security, a family, righteous wife and father-in-law.
Supplication: A Form of Worship
[40:60] Your Lord says, “Implore Me, and I will respond to you. Surely, those who are too arrogant to worship Me will enter Gehenna, forcibly.”
Moses’ Crime Exposed
[28:19] Before he attempted to strike their common enemy, he said, “O Moses, do you want to kill me, as you killed the other man yesterday? Obviously, you wish to be a tyrant on earth; you do not wish to be righteous.” [28:20] A man came running from the other side of the city, saying, “O Moses, the people are plotting to kill you. You better leave immediately. I am giving you good advice.” [28:21] He fled the city, afraid and watchful. He said, “My Lord, save me from the oppressive people.”
23“When Moses was forty years old, he decided to visit his own people, the Israelites. 24He saw one of them being mistreated by an Egyptian, so he went to his defense and avenged him by killing the Egyptian. 25Moses thought that his own people would realize that God was using him to rescue them, but they did not. 26The next day Moses came upon two Israelites who were fighting. He tried to reconcile them by saying, ‘Men, you are brothers; why do you want to hurt each other?’ 27“But the man who was mistreating the other pushed Moses aside and said, ‘Who made you ruler and judge over us? 28Are you thinking of killing me as you killed the Egyptian yesterday?’
Moses Commits Manslaughter
[28:15] Once he entered the city unexpectedly, without being recognized by the people. He found two men fighting; one was (a Hebrew) from his people, and the other was (an Egyptian) from his enemies. The one from his people called on him for help against his enemy. Moses punched him, killing him. He said, “This is the work of the devil; he is a real enemy, and a profound misleader.” [28:16] He said, “My Lord, I have wronged my soul. Please forgive me,” and He forgave him. He is the Forgiver, Most Merciful. [28:17] He said, “My Lord, in return for Your blessings upon me, I will never be a supporter of the guilty ones.” [28:18] In the morning, he was in the city, afraid and watchful. The one who sought his help yesterday, asked for his help again. Moses said to him, “You are really a troublemaker.”
Why was Moses allowed to commit manslaughter while Joseph was not allowed from falling for the seduction of the governor’s wife?
Appendix 14 – Predestination
Was it Joseph who controlled his lust? Or, was it God’s protection from sin that rendered him chaste? Such is predestination.
The Infant Returned to His Mother
[28:12] We forbade him from accepting all the nursing mothers. (His sister) then said, “I can show you a family that can raise him for you, and take good care of him.” [28:13] Thus, we restored him to his mother, in order to please her, remove her worries, and to let her know that GOD’s promise is the truth. However, most of them do not know. [28:14] When he reached maturity and strength, we endowed him with wisdom and knowledge. We thus reward the righteous.
In order for Moses to not accept all the nursing mothers required God to control the existing nursing mothers in addition to Moses’ instincts and the chance event of Moses’ sister being present to suggest her mother.
The parallel between Moses and his teacher in sura 18 and Moses’ history.
- Teacher killed renders raft defective
- Moses put into vessel thrown into the river
- Teacher kills a boy
- Pharaoh tries to kill Moses
- Teacher patches a wall
Inside the Lion’s Den
[28:9] Pharaoh’s wife said, “This can be a joyous find for me and you. Do not kill him, for he may be of some benefit for us, or we may adopt him to be our son.” They had no idea. [28:10] The mind of Moses’ mother was growing so anxious that she almost gave away his identity. But we strengthened her heart, to make her a believer. [28:11] She said to his sister, “Trace his path.” She watched him from afar, while they did not perceive.
Confidence in God
[28:7] We inspired Moses’ mother: “Nurse him, and when you fear for his life, throw him into the river without fear or grief. We will return him to you, and will make him one of the messengers.” [28:8] Pharaoh’s family picked him up, only to have him lead the opposition and to be a source of grief for them. That is because Pharaoh, Hãmãn, and their troops were transgressors.
Parallel between Moses’ mother throwing Moses and Moses commanded to throw his staff.
History doesn’t repeat, but it rhymes – Mark Twain
God Compensates the Oppressed
[28:5] We willed to compensate those who were oppressed on earth, and to turn them into leaders, and make them the inheritors. [28:6] And to establish them on earth, and to give Pharaoh, Hãmãn, and their troops a taste of their own medicine.
Quran: The Ultimate Reference
[5:48] Then we revealed to you this scripture, truthfully, confirming previous scriptures, and superseding them. You shall rule among them in accordance with GOD’s revelations, and do not follow their wishes if they differ from the truth that came to you. For each of you, we have decreed laws and different rites. Had GOD willed, He could have made you one congregation. But He thus puts you to the test through the revelations He has given each of you. You shall compete in righteousness. To GOD is your final destiny—all of you—then He will inform you of everything you had disputed.
[30:22] Among His proofs are the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the variations in your languages and your colors. In these, there are signs for the knowledgeable.
The Only Criterion For Distinguishing Among The People [49:13] O people, we created you from the same male and female, and rendered you distinct peoples and tribes, that you may recognize one another. The best among you in the sight of GOD is the most righteous. GOD is Omniscient, Cognizant.