How do we know Zakat is 2.5% since it is not specifically mentioned in Quran?

A major misnomer from some people who claim to follow Quran alone is that they believe everything has to be specified verbatim in detail in the Quran otherwise it is not to be followed. This is faulty logic and a perfect lesson for this incorrect line of reasoning is in the example God provide​d us​ in the second Sura of the Quran, The Heifer (Al-Baqarah), when God told Moses to tell the Children of Israel to sacrifice a heifer. 

[2:67] Moses said to his people, “GOD commands you to sacrifice a heifer.” They said, “Are you mocking us?” He said, “GOD forbid, that I should behave like the ignorant ones.” [2:68] They said, “Call upon your Lord to show us which one.” He said, “He says that she is a heifer that is neither too old, nor too young; of an intermediate age. Now, carry out what you are commanded to do.” [2:69] They said, “Call upon your Lord to show us her color.” He said, “He says that she is a yellow heifer, bright colored, pleases the beholders.” [2:70] They said, “Call upon your Lord to show us which one. The heifers look alike to us and, GOD willing, we will be guided.” [2:71] He said, “He says that she is a heifer that was never humiliated in plowing the land or watering the crops; free from any blemish.” They said, “Now you have brought the truth.” They finally sacrificed her, after this lengthy reluctance.

This is not only the second Sura, but also the longest Sura of the Quran, and God being Most Wise selected this title for the Sura. I believe this is to emphasize the importance of this lesson: that when God provides us a straightforward commandment it is our duty to uphold that commandment without hesitation.

When the Children of Israel questioned Moses’s motives and scrutinized this simple direct commandment from God it showed their lack of confidence in God, His message, and His messenger.

Is God not All Knowing? Did God fail to foresee the future? Did God forget to provide His servants some crucial information to carry out what He commands them to do? God be glorified far above such claims!!

So when God tells the believers repeatedly in the Quran to observe the Salat and give the Zakat then our response should be “we hear and we obey.” I think to ask, but what is the Salat and Zakat, how much is the Zakat for, etc. is only showing our reluctance to follow God’s commandments and our doubt in God’s system.

God tells us in the Quran that (1) the Quran addresses the matters that have been historically disputed 16:64, and that (2) the Quran is complete and covers all our questions required for our salvation. 

[16:64] We have revealed this scripture to you, to point out for them what they dispute, and to provide guidance and mercy for people who believe.

[18:109] Say, “If the ocean were ink for the words of my Lord, the ocean would run out, before the words of my Lord run out, even if we double the ink supply.” 

[6:114] Shall I seek other than GOD as a source of law, when He has revealed to you this book fully detailed? Those who received the scripture recognize that it has been revealed from your Lord, truthfully. You shall not harbor any doubt. [6:115] The word of your Lord is complete, in truth and justice. Nothing shall abrogate His words. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.

Both the Salat and Zakat were first given to Abraham (14:40, 21:73)​. All the prophets and messengers after Abraham performed these practices (7:156, 19:54-55, 10:87, 2:83, 5:12, 19:31). Additionally, God commanded Muhammad to follow the religion of Abraham (milat Ibrahim 16:123).

[16:123] Then we inspired you (Muhammad) to follow the religion of Abraham, the monotheist; he never was an idol worshiper.

The Salat was even in existence and performed by the idol worshipers at the time of Muhammad (8:33-35, 9:54). Therefore, all we need to do is start with the existing practice and then remove the impurities using the Quran.

Before we dive into the Zakat, let’s look at another perfect example of a practice that the idol worshipers have polluted since the time of Abraham: the ablution (wudu). God in the Quran informs us exactly how to perform our ablution before our Salat (5:6).

[5:6] O you who believe, when you observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), you shall: (1) wash your faces, (2) wash your arms to the elbows, (3) wipe your heads, and (4) wash your feet to the ankles. 

The ablution according to the Quran is just four steps, but if you look at how most Muslims today perform ablution they will do many more steps and requirements than what God specified. Notice according to the Quran not only is the ablution only four steps, but there are no requirement to wash the right arm or foot first then the left, or a set number of times to wash each body part, let alone any other of the numerous additions that Muslims have added on top of the practice instituted by God.

Some claim that Muhammad added to God’s laws, but this is in direct contradiction to the Quran, where God informs us that had he done that God would have stopped the revelations to him and he would have suffered a terrible retribution.

[69:44] Had he uttered any other teachings. [69:45] We would have punished him. [69:46] We would have stopped the revelations to him. [69:47] None of you could have helped him

[17:73] They almost diverted you from the revelations we have given you. They wanted you to fabricate something else, in order to consider you a friend. [17:74] If it were not that we strengthened you, you almost leaned towards them just a little bit. [17:75] Had you done that, we would have doubled the retribution for you in this life, and after death, and you would have found no one to help you against us.

Therefore, we can take this same methodology of purification and apply to the Zakat: (1) start with the existing practice, then (2) remove the impurities. 

​This is the exact process God tells us to utilize to find the truth. In the verse 13:17, God tells us that when we refine metals we remove the impurities which produces foam (e.g. the falsehood) and what is left is the real value (e.g. the truth). 

​[13:17] He sends down water from the sky, causing the valleys to overflow, then the rapids produce abundant foam. Similarly, when they use fire to refine metals for their jewelry or equipment, foam is produced. GOD thus cites analogies for the truth and falsehood. As for the foam, it goes to waste, while that which benefits the people stays close to the ground. GOD thus cites the analogies.

Historically there has been no dispute that Zakat has been 2.5% since the time of Abraham. The corruption that has since been inserted into the Zakat is that Muslims pay it once a year and they pay it on all their wealth. The Quran lets us know that we must pay it on the day of harvest (6:141) and that it is on any money we earn (2:267). 

[6:141] He is the One who established gardens, trellised and untrellised, and palm trees, and crops with different tastes, and olives, and pomegranate —fruits that are similar, yet dissimilar. Eat from their fruits, and give the due alms on the day of harvest, and do not waste anything. He does not love the wasters.

[2:267] O you who believe, you shall give to charity from the good things you earn, and from what we have produced for you from the earth. Do not pick out the bad therein to give away, when you yourselves do not accept it unless your eyes are closed. You should know that GOD is Rich, Praiseworthy.

For a more depth look at Salat and how we are to perform the Salat and what aspects of the Salat have been corrupted you may want to look at this episode on the topic. Many of the same arguments apply to Zakat as well. 

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Animals Sacrificed On Altars in Sura 5:3 is it part of 1st or 4th Dietary Prohibition?

In 5:3 what does it mean when it states “and animals sacrificed on altars”? Does this constitute the first dietary prohibition of carrion? Or the fourth dietary prohibition of animals sacrificed to other than God?

[5:3] Prohibited for you are animals that die of themselves, blood, the meat of pigs, and animals dedicated to other than GOD. (Animals that die of themselves include those) strangled, struck with an object, fallen from a height, gored, attacked by a wild animal—unless you save your animal before it dies (ذَكَّيْتُمْ)—and animals sacrificed (ذُبِحَ) on altars. Also prohibited is dividing the meat through a game of chance; this is an abomination. Today, the disbelievers have given up concerning (the eradication of) your religion; do not fear them and fear Me instead. Today, I have completed your religion, perfected My blessing upon you, and I have decreed Submission as the religion for you. If one is forced by famine (to eat prohibited food), without being deliberately sinful, then GOD is Forgiver, Merciful.

The Arabic that is translated as “animals sacrificed on altars” is “ذُبِحَ عَلَى النُّصُبِ” The Arabic word used for slaughtered is “ذُبِحَ” this is specifically means something killed without the intention of it being food.

If we look at every other occurrence of this root it is always in the context of killing when it is not intended to be food. For example, this is the same root used in 2:49:

[2:49] Recall that we saved you from Pharaoh’s people who inflicted upon you the worst persecution, slaying (يُذَبِّحُونَ) your sons and sparing your daughters. That was an exacting test from your Lord.

Also see 2:67, 2:71, 14:6, 27:21, 28:4, 37:102, and 37:107.

Another proof for this is two words before ذُبِحَ in 5:3, the word “ذَكَّيْتُمْ” is used for slaughter with the intention of making the animal fit for food.

This lets us know that if we kill an animal the intention has to be that it will be killed for the sake of being food. Otherwise, it will fall in the category of carrion irrespective if it was done by a human or from natural causes.

This is the reason that if a person, for instance, hits a deer with their car the deer would be prohibited to eat. Because the intention when killing the animal was not to make it food, therefore, it will fall into the camp of carrion.

But if the deer was still alive after the person hit it with their car, and then the human kills the animal with the intent of making it food ذَكَّيْتُمْ, then it is lawful to eat.

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Do you know what Al-Taareq is?

A black hole is a star that implodes upon itself puncturing a hole in the fabric of space-time. It is the darkest thing in the universe as not even light can exit its gravity once it enters its event horizon, the point of no return. 

The irony is that the darkest object in the universe emits the brightest light in the observable universe by means of a quasar. 

At the center of every galaxy is a super massive black hole. quasars typically occur when two galaxies collide in a cosmic collision causing each galaxies stars and planets to fall into the black hole. 

The radiation the outcome of this event causes is brighter than the accumulated light of 100 billion stars. The light from a quasar is a piercing light that appears to emit perpendicular to the accretion disk of the black hole (see image below). 

Sura 86 of the Quran is entitled Al-Taareq. Rashad translated this word as The Bright Star.

The word Taareq comes from the root: ط ر ق. This root in the Quran is used to mean a way, path, behavior, or conduct. 

[46:30] They said, “O our people, we have heard a book that was revealed after Moses, and confirms the previous scriptures. It guides to the truth; to the right (طَرِيقٍ) path.

But the root of the word comes from a different source. It means two rocks smashing into each other. The history behind this root is that in the past Bedouins would knock two stones together outside people’s homes as a form of a knock to let the inhabitants know they were outside. They did this because there wasn’t a hard surface like a door to knock on. That is why all the other meanings of this word revolve around this action e.g. knock, visitor, to beat something etc. 

God informs us exactly what Al-Tareeq is in the following verses:

[86:1] By the sky and Al-Taareq. [86:2] Do you know what Al-Taareq is? [86:3] The bright star.

The Arabic for 86:3 is: النَّجْمُ الثَّاقِبُ – al-najmu l-thāqibu

Al-najmu means star which is used throughout the entire Quran, but the root for l-thāqibu only occurs twice in the Quran. Once in 86:3 and the other in 37:10.

[37:10] If any of them ventures to charge the outer limits, he gets struck with a fierce (ثَاقِبٌ) projectile (شِهَابٌ).

In 37:10, Rashad translated ثَاقِبٌ as fierce and شِهَابٌ as projectile. The word شِهَابٌ also means a burins flame (see 27:7) 

[27:7] Recall that Moses said to his family, “I see a fire; let me bring you news therefrom, or a torch شِهَابٌ to warm you.”

This makes me understand 37:10, that if the jinns attempted to penetrate the outer limits it is as if they are sniped by a fierce piercing flame projectile. 

The word  l-thāqibu comes from the root  ث ق ب. It is interesting that this root means the following: a hole; to pass through (a hole); intense surge; a piercing light coming through a hole. 

From this I believe that Al-Taareq is a quasar, as it is a star smashed together forming a hole in space-time with light piercing through it.

Claiming “Muhammad is The Final Messenger” is Factually Incorrect According to Quran

The Quran indicates multiple kinds of messengers from God: humans (17:93), jinns (6:130), angels (11:69), and scripture (65:10-11), but nowhere will you see God indicate a prophet from anything other than humans. This makes sense as God calls Muhammad the final prophet (nabi).

[33:40] Muhammad was not the father of any man among you. He was a messenger (rasool) of GOD and the final prophet (nabi). GOD is fully aware of all things.

So if we claim that Muhammad was the final messenger (rasool) this would be factually incorrect because it would indicate that God will not send any more messengers after Muhammad (e.g. human or angel to mankind).

But we know that the Quran is also a messenger of God, and that the Quran still persists today, 1400 years after Muhammad, so therefore Muhammad is not the final messenger.

[65:10] GOD has prepared for them severe retribution. Therefore, you shall reverence GOD, O you who possess intelligence and believed. GOD has sent down to you a message— [65:11] a messenger who recites to you GOD’s revelations, clearly, to lead those who believe and work righteousness out of the darkness into the light. Anyone who believes in GOD and leads a righteous life, He will admit him into gardens with flowing streams; they abide therein forever. GOD will generously reward him.

God informs us that as long as Children of Adam are here on Earth, He will continue sending messengers:

[7:35] O children of Adam, when messengers come to you from among you, and recite My revelations to you, those who take heed and lead a righteous life, will have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.

Also, it is a common human mistake to claim that God will not send any more messengers.

[40:34] Joseph had come to you before that with clear revelations, but you continued to doubt his message. Then, when he died you said, “GOD will not send any other messenger after him. (He was the last messenger)!” GOD thus sends astray those who are transgressors, doubtful.