The Inevitable Retribution (26:57 – 26:68)

The Inevitable Retribution

[26:57] Consequently, we deprived them of gardens and springs.
[26:58] And treasures and an honorable position.
[26:59] Then we made it an inheritance for the Children of Israel.
[26:60] They pursued them towards the east.
[26:61] When both parties saw each other, Moses’ people said, “We will be caught.”
[26:62] He said, “No way. My Lord is with me; He will guide me.”
[26:63] We then inspired Moses: “Strike the sea with your staff,” whereupon it parted. Each part was like a great hill.
[26:64] We then delivered them all.
[26:65] We thus saved Moses and all those who were with him.
[26:66] And we drowned the others.
[26:67] This should be a sufficient proof, but most people are not believers.
[26:68] Most assuredly, your Lord is the Almighty, Most Merciful.

Pharaoh was a megalomaniac who believed that he was a god, but when mortality was presented to him reality sets in.

God’s Invisible Soldiers

[9:40] If you fail to support him (the messenger), GOD has already supported him. Thus, when the disbelievers chased him, and he was one of two in the cave, he said to his friend, “Do not worry; GOD is with us.” GOD then sent down contentment and security upon him, and supported him with invisible soldiers. He made the word of the disbelievers lowly. GOD’s word reigns supreme. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise. 

[26:121] This should be a lesson, but most people are not believers. 

Exodus 12

31 During the night Pharaoh summoned Moses and Aaron and said, “Up! Leave my people, you and the Israelites! Go, worship the Lord as you have requested. 32 Take your flocks and herds, as you have said, and go. And also bless me.” 33 The Egyptians urged the people to hurry and leave the country. “For otherwise,” they said, “we will all die!” 34 So the people took their dough before the yeast was added, and carried it on their shoulders in kneading troughs wrapped in clothing. 35 The Israelites did as Moses instructed and asked the Egyptians for articles of silver and gold and for clothing. 36 The Lord had made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and they gave them what they asked for; so they plundered the Egyptians.

Exodus 10

3 So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and said to him, “This is what the Lord, the God of the Hebrews, says: ‘How long will you refuse to humble yourself before me? Let my people go, so that they may worship me. 4 If you refuse to let them go, I will bring locusts into your country tomorrow. 5 They will cover the face of the ground so that it cannot be seen. They will devour what little you have left after the hail, including every tree that is growing in your fields. 6 They will fill your houses and those of all your officials and all the Egyptians—something neither your parents nor your ancestors have ever seen from the day they settled in this land till now.’” Then Moses turned and left Pharaoh. 

Exodus 9

22 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that hail will fall all over Egypt—on people and animals and on everything growing in the fields of Egypt.” 23 When Moses stretched out his staff toward the sky, the Lord sent thunder and hail, and lightning flashed down to the ground. So the Lord rained hail on the land of Egypt; 24 hail fell and lightning flashed back and forth. It was the worst storm in all the land of Egypt since it had become a nation. 25 Throughout Egypt hail struck everything in the fields—both people and animals; it beat down everything growing in the fields and stripped every tree.

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The Experts See the Truth (26:46 – 26:52)

The Experts See the Truth

[26:46] The magicians fell prostrate.
[26:47] They said, “We believe in the Lord of the universe.
[26:48] “The Lord of Moses and Aaron.”
[26:49] He said, “Did you believe with him before I give you permission? He must be your teacher, who taught you magic. You will surely find out. I will cut your hands and feet on alternate sides. I will crucify you all.”
[26:50] They said, “This will not change our decision; to our Lord we will return.
[26:51] “We hope that our Lord will forgive us our sins, especially that we are the first believers.”
[26:52] We inspired Moses: “Travel with My servants; you will be pursued.”
[26:53] Pharaoh sent to the cities callers.
[26:54] (Proclaiming,) “This is a small gang.
[26:55] “They are now opposing us.
[26:56] “Let us all beware of them.”

How was it that the magicians were able to so quickly come to the truth yet the Children of Israel saw so many miracles but only two of them believed?

God Gives the Holy Land to Israel

[5:21] “O my people, enter the holy land that GOD has decreed for you, and do not rebel, lest you become losers.” [5:22] They said, “O Moses, there are powerful people in it, and we will not enter it, unless they get out of it. If they get out, we are entering.” [5:23] Two men who were reverent and blessed by GOD said, “Just enter the gate. If you just enter it, you will surely prevail. You must trust in GOD, if you are believers.”  

Despite All the Miracles They Saw

[5:24] They said, “O Moses, we will never enter it, so long as they are in it. Therefore, go—you and your Lord —and fight. We are sitting right here.” [5:25] He said, “My Lord, I can only control myself and my brother. So allow us to part company with the wicked people.” [5:26] He said, “Henceforth, it is forbidden them for forty years, during which they will roam the earth aimlessly. Do not grieve over such wicked people.”

Capital Punishment: When is it Justified?

[5:33] The just retribution for those who fight GOD and His messenger, and commit horrendous crimes, is to be killed, or crucified, or to have their hands and feet cut off on alternate sides, or to be banished from the land. This is to humiliate them in this life, then they suffer a far worse retribution in the Hereafter.

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Moses (26:10 – 26:45)

Moses

[26:10] Recall that your Lord called Moses: “Go to the transgressing people.
[26:11] “Pharaoh’s people; perhaps they reform.”
[26:12] He said, “My Lord, I fear lest they disbelieve me.
[26:13] “I may lose my temper. My tongue gets tied; send for my brother Aaron.
[26:14] “Also, they consider me a fugitive; I fear lest they kill me.”
[26:15] He said, “No, (they will not). Go with My proofs. We will be with you, listening.
[26:16] “Go to Pharaoh and say, ‘We are messengers from the Lord of the universe.
[26:17] “‘Let the Children of Israel go.'”
[26:18] He said, “Did we not raise you from infancy, and you spent many years with us?
[26:19] “Then you committed the crime that you committed, and you were ungrateful.”
[26:20] He said, “Indeed, I did it when I was astray.
[26:21] “Then I fled, when I feared you, and my Lord endowed me with wisdom and made me one of the messengers.
[26:22] “You are boasting that you did me a favor, while enslaving the Children of Israel!”
[26:23] Pharaoh said, “What is the Lord of the universe?”
[26:24] He said, “The Lord of the heavens and the earth, and everything between them. You should be certain about this.”
[26:25] He said to those around him, “Did you hear this?”
[26:26] He said, “Your Lord and the Lord of your ancestors.”
[26:27] He said, “Your messenger who is sent to you is crazy.”
[26:28] He said, “The Lord of the east and the west, and everything between them, if you understand.”
[26:29] He said, “If you accept any god, other than me, I will throw you in the prison.”
[26:30] He said, “What if I show you something profound?”
[26:31] He said, “Then produce it, if you are truthful.”
[26:32] He then threw his staff, whereupon it became a profound snake.
[26:33] And he took out his hand, and it was white to the beholders.
[26:34] He said to the elders around him, “This is an experienced magician.
[26:35] “He wants to take you out of your land, with his magic. What do you suggest?”
[26:36] They said, “Respite him and his brother, and send summoners to every town.
[26:37] “Let them summon every experienced magician.”
[26:38] The magicians were gathered at the appointed time, on the appointed day.
[26:39] The people were told: “Come one and all; let us gather together here.
[26:40] “Maybe we will follow the magicians, if they are the winners.”
[26:41] When the magicians came, they said to Pharaoh, “Do we get paid, if we are the winners?”
[26:42] He said, “Yes indeed; you will even be close to me.”
[26:43] Moses said to them, “Throw what you are going to throw.”
[26:44] They threw their ropes and sticks, and said, “By Pharaoh’s majesty, we will be the victors.”
[26:45] Moses threw his staff, whereupon it swallowed what they fabricated. 

[20:41] “I have made you just for Me. [20:42] “Go with your brother, supported by My signs, and do not waver in remembering Me. [20:43] “Go to Pharaoh, for he transgressed. [20:44] “Speak to him nicely; he may take heed, or become reverent.” [20:45] They said, “Our Lord, we fear lest he may attack us, or transgress.” [20:46] He said, “Do not be afraid, for I will be with you, listening and watching. [20:47] “Go to him and say, ‘We are two messengers from your Lord. Let the Children of Israel go. You must refrain from persecuting them. We bring a sign from your Lord, and peace is the lot of those who heed the guidance. 

[87:9] Therefore, you shall remind; perhaps the reminder will benefit. 

Profound Miracle

[21:68] They said, “Burn him and support your gods, if this is what you decide to do.” [21:69] We said, “O fire, be cool and safe for Abraham.”*

[25:60] When they are told, “Fall prostrate before the Most Gracious,” they say, “What is the Most Gracious? Shall we prostrate before what you advocate?” Thus, it only augments their aversion.

[27:27] (Solomon) said, “We will see if you told the truth, or if you are a liar.

[43:49] They said, “O you magician, implore your Lord on our behalf, since you have an agreement with Him (to relieve this plague); we will then be guided.”

The Quran’s Mathematical Code (26:5 – 26:9)

The Quran’s Mathematical Code

[26:5] Whenever a reminder from the Most Gracious comes to them, that is new, they turn away in aversion.
[26:6] Since they disbelieved, they have incurred the consequences of their heedlessness.
[26:7] Have they not seen the earth, and how many kinds of beautiful plants we have grown thereon?
[26:8] This should be a sufficient proof for them, but most of them are not believers.
[26:9] Most assuredly, your Lord is the Almighty, Most Merciful.

A Consequence of Their Own Decision

[6:111] Even if we sent down the angels to them; even if the dead spoke to them; even if we summoned every miracle before them; they cannot believe unless GOD wills it. Indeed, most of them are ignorant.

Sura 26: The Poets (Al-Shu‘arã’) (26:00 – 26:4)

[26:0] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
[26:1] T. S. M.*
[26:2] These (letters) constitute proofs of this clarifying scripture.
[26:3] You may blame yourself that they are not believers.
[26:4] If we will, we can send from the sky a sign that forces their necks to bow.
*26:1 See Appendix 1 for the significance of these previously mysterious letters.

The Arabic word “ayat” means both verses and miracle, see 17:101 

[17:101] We supported Moses with nine profound miracles—ask the Children of Israel. When he went to them, Pharaoh said to him, “I think that you, Moses, are bewitched.” 

Why is this sura called “The Poets”?

[26:221] Shall I inform you upon whom the devils descend? [26:222] They descend upon every guilty fabricator. [26:223] They pretend to listen, but most of them are liars. [26:224] As for the poets, they are followed only by the strayers. [26:225] Do you not see that their loyalty shifts according to the situation? [26:226] And that they say what they do not do? 

26:4 could be a sign of the smoke, sura 44.

Jews wear a Yakima because they want to
He explained: “Because the Divine Presence is always over my head.” This was understood by Rabbi Yosef Karo in the Shulchan Arukh as indicating that Jewish men should cover their heads and should not walk more than four cubits bareheaded. Covering one’s head, such as by wearing a kippah, is described as “honoring God”.

Traits of the Righteous (25:63 – 25:77)

Traits of the Righteous

[25:63] The worshipers of the Most Gracious are those who tread the earth gently, and when the ignorant speak to them, they only utter peace.
[25:64] In the privacy of the night, they meditate on their Lord, and fall prostrate.
[25:65] And they say, “Our Lord, spare us the agony of Hell; its retribution is horrendous.
[25:66] “It is the worst abode; the worst destiny.”
[25:67] When they give, they are neither extravagant, nor stingy; they give in moderation.
[25:68] They never implore beside GOD any other god, nor do they kill any soul—for GOD has made life sacred—except in the course of justice. Nor do they commit adultery. Those who commit these offenses will have to pay.
[25:69] Retribution is doubled for them on the Day of Resurrection, and they abide therein humiliated.
[25:70] Exempted are those who repent, believe, and lead a righteous life. GOD transforms their sins into credits. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[25:71] Those who repent and lead a righteous life, GOD redeems them; a complete redemption.

Additional Traits of the Righteous

[25:72] They do not bear false witness. When they encounter vain talk, they ignore it.
[25:73] When reminded of their Lord’s revelations, they never react to them as if they were deaf and blind.
[25:74] And they say, “Our Lord, let our spouses and children be a source of joy for us, and keep us in the forefront of the righteous.”
[25:75] These are the ones who attain Paradise in return for their steadfastness; they are received therein with joyous greetings and peace.
[25:76] Eternally they abide therein; what a beautiful destiny; what a beautiful abode.
[25:77] Say, “You attain value at my Lord only through your worship. But if you disbelieve, you incur the inevitable consequences.”

Traits of the Believers

[42:37] They avoid gross sins and vice, and when angered they forgive. [42:38] They respond to their Lord by observing the Contact Prayers (Salat). Their affairs are decided after due consultation among themselves, and from our provisions to them they give (to charity). [42:39] When gross injustice befalls them, they stand up for their rights. [42:40] Although the just requital for an injustice is an equivalent retribution, those who pardon and maintain righteousness are rewarded by GOD. He does not love the unjust. [42:41] Certainly, those who stand up for their rights, when injustice befalls them, are not committing any error. [42:42] The wrong ones are those who treat the people unjustly, and resort to aggression without provocation. These have incurred a painful retribution. [42:43] Resorting to patience and forgiveness reflects a true strength of character.

[30:41] Disasters have spread throughout the land and sea, because of what the people have committed. He thus lets them taste the consequences of some of their works, that they may return (to the right works).

[31:18] “You shall not treat the people with arrogance, nor shall you roam the earth proudly. GOD does not like the arrogant showoffs. [31:19] “Walk humbly and lower your voice—the ugliest voice is the donkey’s voice.” 

Submitters

[41:33] Who can utter better words than one who invites to GOD, works righteousness, and says, “I am one of the submitters”? [41:34] Not equal is the good response and the bad response. You shall resort to the nicest possible response. Thus, the one who used to be your enemy, may become your best friend. [41:35] None can attain this except those who steadfastly persevere. None can attain this except those who are extremely fortunate.

When the Devil Entices You

[41:36] When the devil whispers an idea to you, you shall seek refuge in GOD. He is the Hearer, the Omniscient.

[43:88] It will be proclaimed: “O my Lord, these people do not believe.” [43:89] You shall disregard them and say, “Peace;” they will surely find out.

[19:47] He said, “Peace be upon you. I will implore my Lord to forgive you; He has been Most Kind to me. [19:48] “I will abandon you and the gods you worship besides GOD. I will worship only my Lord. By imploring my Lord alone, I cannot go wrong.” 

[73:6] The meditation at night is more effective, and more righteous. [73:7] You have a lot of time during the day for other matters. [73:8] You shall commemorate the name of your Lord, to come ever closer and closer to Him. 

What to Give

[2:267] O you who believe, you shall give to charity from the good things you earn, and from what we have produced for you from the earth. Do not pick out the bad therein to give away, when you yourselves do not accept it unless your eyes are closed. You should know that GOD is Rich, Praiseworthy. [2:268] The devil promises you poverty and commands you to commit evil, while GOD promises you forgiveness from Him and grace. GOD is Bounteous, Omniscient.

[17:26] You shall give the due alms to the relatives, the needy, the poor, and the traveling alien, but do not be excessive, extravagant. [17:27] The extravagant are brethren of the devils, and the devil is unappreciative of his Lord.

The Major Commandments

[6:151] Say, “Come let me tell you what your Lord has really prohibited for you: You shall not set up idols besides Him. You shall honor your parents. You shall not kill your children from fear of poverty—we provide for you and for them. You shall not commit gross sins, obvious or hidden. You shall not kill—GOD has made life sacred—except in the course of justice. These are His commandments to you, that you may understand.”  

Additional Commandments

[6:152] You shall not touch the orphans’ money except in the most righteous manner, until they reach maturity. You shall give full weight and a full measure when you trade, equitably. We do not burden any soul beyond its means. You shall be absolutely just when you bear witness, even against your relatives. You shall fulfill your covenant with GOD. These are His commandments to you, that you may take heed.

God Strengthens the Messenger

[17:73] They almost diverted you from the revelations we have given you. They wanted you to fabricate something else, in order to consider you a friend. [17:74] If it were not that we strengthened you, you almost leaned towards them just a little bit. [17:75] Had you done that, we would have doubled the retribution for you in this life, and after death, and you would have found no one to help you against us. 

Repentance: Cleaning the Slate

[9:11] If they repent and observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), then they are your brethren in religion. We thus explain the revelations for people who know.

[8:38] Tell those who disbelieved: if they stop, all their past will be forgiven. But if they return, they will incur the same fate as their previous counterparts.

[4:123] It is not in accordance with your wishes, or the wishes of the people of the scripture: anyone who commits evil pays for it, and will have no helper or supporter, against GOD.

[11:114] You shall observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) at both ends of the day, and during the night. The righteous works wipe out the evil works. This is a reminder for those who would take heed.

The Prophets and the Saints Are Dead (25:58 – 25:59)

The Prophets and the Saints Are Dead

[25:58] You shall put your trust in the One who is Alive—the One who never dies—and praise Him and glorify Him. He is fully Cognizant of His creatures’ sins.

[25:59] He is the One who created the heavens and the earth, and everything between them, in six days, then assumed all authority. The Most Gracious; ask about Him those who are well founded in knowledge.

The Dead Prophets and Saints

[16:20] As for the idols they set up beside GOD, they do not create anything; they themselves were created. [16:21] They are dead, not alive, and they have no idea how or when they will be resurrected.

[28:88] You shall not worship beside GOD any other god. There is no other god beside Him. Everything perishes except His presence. To Him belongs all sovereignty, and to Him you will be returned.

Hadith: A Gross Blasphemy

[39:30] You (Muhammad) will surely die, just like they will die.

[3:144] Muhammad was no more than a messenger like the messengers before him. Should he die or get killed, would you turn back on your heels? Anyone who turns back on his heels, does not hurt GOD in the least. GOD rewards those who are appreciative.

[50:38] We have created the heavens and the earth, and everything between them in six days, and no fatigue touched us.