Abraham (19:41 – 19:50)

Abraham

[19:41] Mention in the scripture Abraham; he was a saint, a prophet.
[19:42] He said to his father, “O my father, why do you worship what can neither hear, nor see, nor help you in any way?
[19:43] “O my father, I have received certain knowledge that you did not receive. Follow me, and I will guide you in a straight path.
[19:44] “O my father, do not worship the devil. The devil has rebelled against the Most Gracious.
[19:45] “O my father, I fear lest you incur retribution from the Most Gracious, then become an ally of the devil.”
[19:46] He said, “Have you forsaken my gods, O Abraham? Unless you stop, I will stone you. Leave me alone.”
[19:47] He said, “Peace be upon you. I will implore my Lord to forgive you; He has been Most Kind to me.
[19:48] “I will abandon you and the gods you worship besides GOD. I will worship only my Lord. By imploring my Lord alone, I cannot go wrong.”
[19:49] Because he abandoned them and the gods they worshiped beside GOD, we granted him Isaac and Jacob, and we made each of them a prophet.
[19:50] We showered them with our mercy, and we granted them an honorable position in history

In 19:43 how old was Abraham when he had this conversation and was he a prophet at that time?

When did Abraham disown his father?

[9:114] The only reason Abraham asked forgiveness for his father was that he had promised him to do so. But as soon as he realized that he was an enemy of GOD, he disowned him. Abraham was extremely kind, clement.

Abraham: An Example

[60:4] A good example has been set for you by Abraham and those with him. They said to their people, “We disown you and the idols that you worship besides GOD. We denounce you, and you will see nothing from us except animosity and hatred until you believe in GOD ALONE.”* However, a mistake was committed by Abraham when he said to his father, “I will pray for your forgiveness,** but I possess no power to protect you from GOD.” “Our Lord, we trust in You, and submit to You; to You is the final destiny.

Unquestioning Submission: Quality of the True Believers

[4:64] We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed in accordance with GOD’s will. Had they, when they wronged their souls, come to you and prayed to GOD for forgiveness, and the messenger prayed for their forgiveness, they would have found GOD Redeemer, Most Merciful. [4:65] Never indeed, by your Lord; they are not believers unless they come to you to judge in their disputes, then find no hesitation in their hearts whatsoever in accepting your judgment. They must submit a total submission.

[12:97] They said, “Our father, pray for our forgiveness; we were wrong indeed.”

[60:12] O you prophet, when the believing women (who abandoned the disbelievers) to seek asylum with you pledge to you that they will not set up any idols besides GOD, nor steal, nor commit adultery, nor kill their children, nor fabricate any falsehood, nor disobey your righteous orders, you shall accept their pledge, and pray to GOD to forgive them. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful. 

[63:5] When they are told, “Come let the messenger of GOD pray for your forgiveness,” they mockingly turn their heads, and you see them repel others and act arrogantly.  

The Myth of Intercession Shattered*

[63:6] It is the same for them, whether you pray for their forgiveness, or not pray for their forgiveness; GOD will not forgive them. For GOD does not guide the wicked people. 

Angels Pray for the Believers

[40:7] Those who serve the throne and all those around it glorify and praise their Lord, and believe in Him. And they ask forgiveness for those who believe: “Our Lord, Your mercy and Your knowledge encompass all things. Forgive those who repent and follow Your path, and spare them the retribution of Hell. [40:8] “Our Lord, and admit them into the gardens of Eden that You promised for them and for the righteous among their parents, spouses, and children. You are the Almighty, Most Wise. [40:9] “And protect them from falling in sin. Whomever You protect from falling in sin, on that day, has attained mercy from You. This is the greatest triumph.”

[9:114] The only reason Abraham asked forgiveness for his father was that he had promised him to do so. But as soon as he realized that he was an enemy of GOD, he disowned him. Abraham was extremely kind, clement.

[43:89] You shall disregard them and say, “Peace;” they will surely find out. 

Lã Elãha Ellã Allãh: First Commandment

[47:19] You shall know that: “There is no other god beside GOD,”* and ask forgiveness of your sins and the sins of all believing men and women. GOD is fully aware of your decisions and your ultimate destiny.

In 19:43 interesting that Abraham uses the expression of “a straight path” as opposed to “the straight path”

[1:6] Guide us in the right path;

19:46 irony of Abraham reducing their gods to stones, yet threatened of being stoned to death for such accusations.

Traits of the Righteous [25:63] The worshipers of the Most Gracious are those who tread the earth gently, and when the ignorant speak to them, they only utter peace.

[6:54] When those who believe in our revelations come to you, you shall say, “Salãmun ‘Alaykum (Peace be upon you). Your Lord has decreed that mercy is His attribute. Thus, anyone among you who commits a transgression out of ignorance, and repents thereafter and reforms, then He is Forgiving, Most Merciful.” 

[28:55] When they come across vain talk, they disregard it and say, “We are responsible for our deeds, and you are responsible for your deeds. Peace be upon you. We do not wish to behave like the ignorant ones.”

[60:9] GOD enjoins you only from befriending those who fight you because of religion, evict you from your homes, and band together with others to banish you. You shall not befriend them. Those who befriend them are the transgressors.

 

The Proven Truth (19:34 – 19:40)

The Proven Truth

[19:34] That was Jesus, the son of Mary, and this is the truth of this matter, about which they continue to doubt.
[19:35] It does not befit GOD that He begets a son, be He glorified. To have anything done, He simply says to it, “Be,” and it is.
[19:36] He also proclaimed, “GOD is my Lord and your Lord; you shall worship Him alone. This is the right path.”*
[19:37] The various parties disputed among themselves (regarding the identity of Jesus). Therefore, woe to those who disbelieve from the sight of a terrible day.
[19:38] Wait till you hear them and see them when they come to face us. The transgressors on that day will be totally lost.
[19:39] Warn them about the day of remorse, when judgment will be issued. They are totally oblivious; they do not believe.
[19:40] We are the ones who inherit the earth and everyone on it; to us everyone will be returned.

*19:36 This is similar to the statement attributed to Jesus in the Gospel of John 20:17.  

19:34 is the 19th occurrence of the name Jesus and the 34th occurrence of the name Mary. Chapter 19 verse 34.

The Infant Makes a Statement (19:29 – 19:33)

The Infant Makes a Statement

[19:29] She pointed to him. They said, “How can we talk with an infant in the crib?”

[19:30] (The infant spoke and) said, “I am a servant of GOD. He has given me the scripture, and has appointed me a prophet.

[19:31] “He made me blessed wherever I go, and enjoined me to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat) for as long as I live.

[19:32] “I am to honor my mother; He did not make me a disobedient rebel.

[19:33] “And peace be upon me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day I get resurrected.” 

[5:110] GOD will say, “O Jesus, son of Mary, remember My blessings upon you and your mother. I supported you with the Holy Spirit, to enable you to speak to the people from the crib, as well as an adult. I taught you the scripture, wisdom, the Torah, and the Gospel. Recall that you created from clay the shape of a bird by My leave, then blew into it, and it became a live bird by My leave. You healed the blind and the leprous by My leave, and revived the dead by My leave. Recall that I protected you from the Children of Israel who wanted to hurt you, despite the profound miracles you had shown them. The disbelievers among them said, ‘This is obviously magic.’

What does it mean in 19:31 when it says “He made me blessed wherever I go”? 

The Prophets of Israel

[2:87] We gave Moses the scripture, and subsequent to him we sent other messengers, and we gave Jesus, son of Mary, profound miracles and supported him with the Holy Spirit. Is it not a fact that every time a messenger went to you with anything you disliked, your ego caused you to be arrogant? Some of them you rejected, and some of them you killed.

Many Messengers / One Message

[2:253] These messengers; we blessed some of them more than others. For example, GOD spoke to one, and we raised some of them to higher ranks. And we gave Jesus, son of Mary, profound miracles and supported him with the Holy Spirit. Had GOD willed, their followers would not have fought with each other, after the clear proofs had come to them. Instead, they disputed among themselves; some of them believed, and some disbelieved. Had GOD willed, they would not have fought. Everything is in accordance with GOD’s will.

In 19:31 it shows that the people at the time of Jesus had the Contact Prayers. 

Losing the Contact Prayers (Salat)

[19:59] After them, He substituted generations who lost the Contact Prayers (Salat), and pursued their lusts. They will suffer the consequences.

The Contact Prayers: Gift From God [14:40] “My Lord, make me one who consistently observes the Contact Prayers (Salat), and also my children. Our Lord, please answer my prayers. 

Abraham: Delivered All Religious Duties of Islam

[21:73] We made them imams who guided in accordance with our commandments, and we taught them how to work righteousness, and how to observe the Contact Prayers (Salat) and the obligatory charity (Zakat).* To us, they were devoted worshipers. 

In 19:32 what is the relation between “honor my mother” and “disobedient rebel”? Does one cause the other?

[19:14] He honored his parents, and was never a disobedient tyrant. 

[17:23] Your Lord has decreed that you shall not worship except Him, and your parents shall be honored. As long as one or both of them live, you shall never say to them, “Uff” (the slightest gesture of annoyance), nor shall you shout at them; you shall treat them amicably.

When did Jesus start doing the Contact Prayer if he spoke from the crib?

The Birth of Jesus (19:22 – 19:28)

The Birth of Jesus

[19:22] When she bore him, she isolated herself to a faraway place.
[19:23] The birth process came to her by the trunk of a palm tree. She said, “(I am so ashamed;) I wish I were dead before this happened, and completely forgotten.”
[19:24] (The infant) called her from beneath her, saying, “Do not grieve. Your Lord has provided you with a stream.
[19:25] “If you shake the trunk of this palm tree, it will drop ripe dates for you.*
[19:26] “Eat and drink, and be happy. When you see anyone, say, ‘I have made a vow of silence; I am not talking today to anyone.'”
[19:27] She came to her family, carrying him. They said, “O Mary, you have committed something that is totally unexpected.
[19:28] “O descendant of Aaron, your father was not a bad man, nor was your mother unchaste.”
*19:25 Thus, Jesus was born in late September or early October. This is when dates ripen in the Middle East to the point of falling off the tree.

It is interesting to think that the people at that time probably had no clue about how big of a worldly impact these events and the identity of Jesus was going to have on all humankind.  

What was the significance of Mary making a vow of silence?

[33:3] And put your trust in GOD. GOD suffices as an advocate. 

[33:48] Do not obey the disbelievers and the hypocrites, disregard their insults, and put your trust in GOD; GOD suffices as an advocate. 

God Supports the Believers

[8:26] Remember that you used to be few and oppressed, fearing that the people may snatch you, and He granted you a secure sanctuary, supported you with His victory, and provided you with good provisions, that you may be appreciative.

Why does it say O descendant of Aaron in 19:28?

Mary was an Amramite that were descendants of Aaron.

Mary

[66:12] Also Mary, the Amramite. She maintained her chastity, then we blew into her from our spirit. She believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures; she was obedient. 

[76:7] They fulfill their pledges, and reverence a day that is extremely difficult.

[52:19] Eat and drink happily, in return for your works.

[22:28] They may seek commercial benefits, and they shall commemorate GOD’s name during the specified days for providing them with livestock. “Eat therefrom and feed the despondent and the poor.”

Jonah

[37:145] We had him thrown up into the desert, exhausted. [37:146] We had a tree of edible fruit grown for him.

Lots of examples in the Quran about trees:
Tree in the heart of hell
Olive, fig, pomegranate tree

Job 3:3
1 After this, Job opened his mouth and cursed the day of his birth. 2 He said: 3 “May the day of my birth perish, and the night that said, ‘A boy is conceived!’ 4 That day—may it turn to darkness; may God above not care about it; may no light shine on it. 

It is awesome that from a tree buried in dirt in the desert produces dates that are so sweet

Mary the Virgin and Astrological Signs

In astrology August 23 – September 22 the sign is Virgo which means virgin and the sign is the letter M.

http://www.ancient-wisdom.com/zodiac.htm

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zodiac

Mary (19:16 – 19:21)

Mary

[19:16] Mention in the scripture Mary. She isolated herself from her family, into an eastern location.
[19:17] While a barrier separated her from them, we sent to her our Spirit. He went to her in the form of a human being.
[19:18] She said, “I seek refuge in the Most Gracious, that you may be righteous.”
[19:19] He said, “I am the messenger of your Lord, to grant you a pure son.”
[19:20] She said, “How can I have a son, when no man has touched me; I have never been unchaste.”
[19:21] He said, “Thus said your Lord, ‘It is easy for Me. We will render him a sign for the people, and mercy from us. This is a predestined matter.'” 

What is the “barrier” that is mentioned in 19:17?

[23:100] “I will then work righteousness in everything I left.” Not true. This is a false claim that he makes. A barrier will separate his soul from this world until resurrection.

Who or what is “our Spirit” in 19:17? Was this the same spirit as referenced to Adam? 

[3:59] The example of Jesus, as far as GOD is concerned, is the same as that of Adam; He created him from dust, then said to him, “Be,” and he was.

The Origin of Man

[32:7] He is the One who perfected everything He created, and started the creation of the human from clay. [32:8] Then He continued his reproduction through a certain lowly liquid. [32:9] He shaped him and blew into him from His spirit. And He gave you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brains; rarely are you thankful.

[5:110] GOD will say, “O Jesus, son of Mary, remember My blessings upon you and your mother. I supported you with the Holy Spirit, to enable you to speak to the people from the crib, as well as an adult. I taught you the scripture, wisdom, the Torah, and the Gospel. Recall that you created from clay the shape of a bird by My leave, then blew into it, and it became a live bird by My leave. You healed the blind and the leprous by My leave, and revived the dead by My leave. Recall that I protected you from the Children of Israel who wanted to hurt you, despite the profound miracles you had shown them. The disbelievers among them said, ‘This is obviously magic.’ 

Mary

[66:12] Also Mary, the Amramite. She maintained her chastity, then we blew into her from our spirit. She believed in the words of her Lord and His scriptures; she was obedient.

Mary and Jesus

[21:91] As for the one who maintained her virginity, we blew into her from our spirit, and thus, we made her and her son a portent for the whole world.

The Human Race

[15:26] We created the human being from aged mud, like the potter’s clay. [15:27] As for the jinns, we created them, before that, from blazing fire. [15:28] Your Lord said to the angels, “I am creating a human being from aged mud, like the potter’s clay. [15:29] “Once I perfect him, and blow into him from My spirit, you shall fall prostrate before him.” 

[78:38] The day will come when the Spirit and the angels will stand in a row. None will speak except those permitted by the Most Gracious, and they will utter only what is right.

Mary and Jesus

[3:42] The angels said, “O Mary, GOD has chosen you and purified you. He has chosen you from all the women. [3:43] “O Mary, you shall submit to your Lord, and prostrate and bow down with those who bow down.” [3:44] This is news from the past that we reveal to you. You were not there when they drew their raffles to select Mary’s guardian. You were not present when they argued with one another. [3:45] The angels said, “O Mary, GOD gives you good news: a Word from Him whose name is ‘The Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary.’ He will be prominent in this life and in the Hereafter, and one of those closest to Me. [3:46] “He will speak to the people from the crib, as well as an adult; he will be one of the righteous.” [3:47] She said, “My Lord, how can I have a son, when no man has touched me?” He said, “GOD thus creates whatever He wills. To have anything done, He simply says to it, ‘Be,’ and it is. [3:48] “He will teach him the scripture, wisdom, the Torah, and the Gospel.” [3:49] As a messenger to the Children of Israel: “I come to you with a sign from your Lord—I create for you from clay the shape of a bird, then I blow into it, and it becomes a live bird by GOD’s leave. I restore vision to the blind, heal the leprous, and I revive the dead by GOD’s leave. I can tell you what you eat, and what you store in your homes. This should be a proof for you, if you are believers. [3:50] “I confirm previous scripture—the Torah—and I revoke certain prohibitions imposed upon you. I come to you with sufficient proof from your Lord. Therefore, you shall observe GOD, and obey me. [3:51] “GOD is my Lord and your Lord;* you shall worship Him alone. This is the right path.” [3:52] When Jesus sensed their disbelief, he said, “Who are my supporters towards GOD?” The disciples said, “We are GOD’s supporters; we believe in GOD, and bear witness that we are submitters. [3:53] “Our Lord, we have believed in what You have sent down, and we have followed the messenger; count us among the witnesses.”

Jesus and the End of the World*

[43:61] He is to serve as a marker for knowing the end of the world,* so you can no longer harbor any doubt about it. You shall follow Me; this is the right path.

 

John (19:7 – 19:15)

John

[19:7] “O Zachariah, we give you good news; a boy whose name shall be John (Yahya). We never created anyone like him before.”
[19:8] He said, “My Lord, will I have a son despite my wife’s sterility, and despite my old age?”
[19:9] He said, “Thus said your Lord: ‘It is easy for Me to do. I created you before that, and you were nothing.'”
[19:10] He said, “My Lord, give me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three consecutive nights.”
[19:11] He came out to his family, from the sanctuary, and signaled to them: “Meditate (on God) day and night.”
[19:12] “O John, you shall uphold the scripture, strongly.” We endowed him with wisdom, even in his youth.
[19:13] And (we endowed him with) kindness from us and purity, for he was righteous.
[19:14] He honored his parents, and was never a disobedient tyrant.
[19:15] Peace be upon him the day he was born, the day he dies, and the day he is resurrected back to life.

The Birth of John

[3:38] That is when Zachariah implored his Lord: “My Lord, grant me such a good child; You are the Hearer of the prayers.” [3:39] The angels called him when he was praying in the sanctuary: “GOD gives you good news of John; a believer in the word of GOD, honorable, moral, and a righteous prophet.” [3:40] He said, “How can I have a boy, when I am so old, and my wife is sterile?” He said, “GOD does whatever He wills.” [3:41] He said, “My Lord, give me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three days, except through signals. Commemorate your Lord frequently; and meditate night and day.”

[11:72] She said, “Woe to me, how could I bear a child at my age, and here is my husband; an old man? This is really strange!”

Examples of the prophets in their sanctuary?

Sanctuary: the most holy part of a religious building 

[2:125] We have rendered the shrine (the Ka’aba) a focal point for the people, and a safe sanctuary. You may use Abraham’s shrine as a prayer house. We commissioned Abraham and Ismail: “You shall purify My house for those who visit, those who live there, and those who bow and prostrate.”

[3:37] Her Lord accepted her a gracious acceptance, and brought her up a gracious upbringing, under the guardianship of Zachariah. Whenever Zachariah entered her sanctuary he found provisions with her. He would ask, “Mary, where did you get this from?” She would say, “It is from GOD. GOD provides for whomever He chooses, without limits.”

[3:39] The angels called him when he was praying in the sanctuary: “GOD gives you good news of John; a believer in the word of GOD, honorable, moral, and a righteous prophet.” 

[19:11] He came out to his family, from the sanctuary, and signaled to them: “Meditate (on God) day and night.” 

[27:91] I am simply commanded to worship the Lord of this town—He has made it a safe sanctuary—and He possesses all things. I am commanded to be a submitter. 

[38:21] Have you received news of the feuding men who sneaked into his sanctuary?

In 19:15 if John is granted peace the day he is born, dies and resurrected – how does that correspond with everyone having original sin.

[5:17] Pagans indeed are those who say that GOD is the Messiah, the son of Mary. Say, “Who could oppose GOD if He willed to annihilate the Messiah, son of Mary, and his mother, and everyone on earth?” To GOD belongs the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth, and everything between them. He creates whatever He wills. GOD is Omnipotent. 

[19:33] “And peace be upon me the day I was born, the day I die, and the day I get resurrected.” 

Humans Insist on Their Original Sin

[10:74] Then we sent after him messengers to their people, and they showed them clear proofs. But they were not to believe in what they had rejected in the past. We thus seal the hearts of the transgressors.

The Original Sin

[16:61] If GOD punished the people for their transgressions, He would have annihilated every creature on earth. But He respites them for a specific, predetermined time. Once their interim ends, they cannot delay it by one hour, nor advance it. 

Appendix 7 – Why Were We Created ? 

The Original Sin

Contrary to common belief, the “Original Sin” was not Adam’s violation of God’s law when he ate from the forbidden tree. The original sin was our failure to uphold God’s absolute authority during the Great Feud. If the human person convinces his or her jinn companion to denounce that original sin, and uphold God’s absolute authority, both creatures are redeemed to God’s eternal kingdom on the Day of Judgment. But if the jinn companion convinces the human being to uphold Satan’s idolatrous views, then both creatures are exiled forever from God’s kingdom.

To promote his point of view, Satan and his representatives advocate the idolization of such powerless creatures as Muhammad, Jesus, Mary, and the saints. Since we are here due to our polytheistic tendencies, most of us are easy prey for Satan.

Satan’s incompetence as a “god” has already been proven by the prevalence of chaos, disease, accidents, misery, and war throughout his dominion (36:66). On the other hand, the human beings who denounce Satan, uphold God’s absolute authority, and refrain from idolizing powerless and dead creatures like Jesus and Muhammad, are restored to God’s protection – they enjoy a perfect life here in this world and forever.  

Because our life in this world is a series of tests designed to expose our polytheistic ideas, idol worship is the only unforgivable offense (4:48, 116). The world is divinely designed to manifest our decision to uphold either God’s absolute authority, or Satan’s idolatrous views (67:1-2). The day and the night change constantly to test our willingness to uphold God’s laws by observing the Dawn Prayer and fasting during the hottest and longest days. Only those who are totally certain about God’s absolute authority are redeemed (26:89). 

http://www.masjidtucson.org/quran/appendices/appendix7.html

Purity 19:13

[18:81] “We willed that your Lord substitute in his place another son; one who is better in righteousness and kindness. 

[19:13] And (we endowed him with) kindness from us and purity, for he was righteous.

Did both Jesus and John die before the age of 40? If so, maybe that is why they were born pure.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beheading_of_St_John_the_Baptist 

Jesus’ Death and Resurrection, and John’s Death 
All the Gospel accounts state that John the Baptist was killed before Jesus. Scholars also know that Jesus was executed while Pilate was governor and Caiaphas was High Priest. Both of their terms in office ended in 36 C.E. Thus, 36 C.E. is the latest possible date for the end of Jesus’ ministry.

However, if Jesus’ birth was between 6-4 B.C.E. and his ministry only lasted one year, he was killed between 25-27 C.E. If the Gospel of John is right and Jesus’ ministry lasted three years, then Jesus was killed between 27-29 C.E. Based on the estimates of Jesus’ death and resurrection, we can estimate that John the Baptist was killed between 24-29 C.E.

http://www.biblewise.com/bible_study/questions/ages-of-john-the-baptist.php                                                                                                   

John was born most likely before Jesus. If Mary had Jesus when she was ~16 years old according to Proto-Gospel of James (12:3) 

Similarity between John and Jesus births

  • Both had unnatural births
  • Both parents had times where they could not speak
  • Both John and Jesus martyred
  • Both born pure
  • Both had righteous parents
  • Both same time period 

Interesting that when the prophets ask for a sign they are told to do something?

[3:41] He said, “My Lord, give me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three days, except through signals. Commemorate your Lord frequently; and meditate night and day.”

[19:10] He said, “My Lord, give me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three consecutive nights.”

[2:260] Abraham said, “My Lord, show me how You revive the dead.” He said, “Do you not believe?” He said, “Yes, but I wish to reassure my heart.” He said, “Take four birds, study their marks, place a piece of each bird on top of a hill, then call them to you. They will come to you in a hurry. You should know that GOD is Almighty, Most Wise.”

John was martyred according to the Bible

The account then describes how Herod’s daughter Herodias (NRSV; other translations refer to the girl as the daughter of Herodias) dances before Herod, who is pleased and offers her anything she asks for in return. When the girl asks her mother what she should request, she is told to demand the head of John the Baptist. Reluctantly, Herod orders the beheading of John, and his head is delivered to her, at her request, on a plate. John’s disciples take the body away and bury it in a tomb.(Mark 6:17–29)

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_the_Baptist

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zechariah_(priest)

Origen suggested that the Zechariah mentioned in Matthew 23:35 as having been killed between the temple and the altar may be the father of John the Baptist.[3] Orthodox Christian tradition recounts that, at the time of the massacre of the Innocents, when King Herod ordered the slaughter of all males under the age of two in an attempt to prevent the prophesied Messiah from coming to Israel, Zechariah refused to divulge the whereabouts of his son (who was in hiding), and he was therefore murdered by Herod’s soldiers. This is also recorded in the Infancy Gospel of James, an apocryphal work from the 2nd century. 

Walk the earth … my 17-year vow of silence | John Francis