Abraham and Lot (11:69 – 11:76)

Abraham and Lot

[11:69] When our messengers went to Abraham with good news, they said, “Peace.” He said, “Peace,” and soon brought a roasted calf.
[11:70] When he saw that their hands did not touch it, he became suspicious and fearful of them. They said, “Do not be afraid, we are being dispatched to the people of Lot.”
[11:71] His wife was standing, and she laughed when we gave her the good news about Isaac, and after Isaac, Jacob.
[11:72] She said, “Woe to me, how could I bear a child at my age, and here is my husband; an old man? This is really strange!”
[11:73] They said, “Do you find it strange for GOD? GOD has bestowed His mercy and blessings upon you, O inhabitants of the shrine. He is Praiseworthy, Glorious.”
[11:74] When Abraham’s fear subsided, and the good news was delivered to him, he proceeded to argue with us on behalf of Lot’s people.
[11:75] Indeed, Abraham was clement, extremely kind, and obedient.
[11:76] “O Abraham, refrain from this. Your Lord’s judgment has been issued; they have incurred unavoidable retribution.”

Why did Abraham argue for the guilty people, but not for his own son when he thought that God wanted him to kill him – why?

There may have been a number of years for Abraham to grow his understanding from the time between these two events.

Abraham was 86 years old when Ishmael was born
– Abraham was 100 years old when Isaac was born

The angels in tell Abraham in 11:76 to “refrain” and he does even later in his life when he thinks God inspired him to kill his son he did just that.

Abraham may have interpreted one command coming directly from God while the other from only the angels. Similar to Moses with his teacher (18:60). Tough to understand that when the angles carry out a command (or any of God’s messengers) it is no different than God making that command.

One God/ One Message/ One Religion

[21:25] We did not send any messenger before you except with the inspiration: “There is no god except Me; you shall worship Me alone.” [21:26] Yet, they said, “The Most Gracious has begotten a son!” Glory be to Him. All (messengers) are (His) honored servants. [21:27] They never speak on their own, and they strictly follow His commands. 

Many translations mistranslate “This is really strange” as “This is a wonderful thing” in 11:72.

11:72
Khalifa – She said, “Woe to me, how could I bear a child at my age, and here is my husband, an old man? This is really strange!”
Yusuf Ali – She said: “Alas for me! shall I bear a child, seeing I am an old woman, and my husband here is an old man? That would indeed be a wonderful thing!”
Pickthal – She said: Oh woe is me! Shall I bear a child when I am an old woman, and this my husband is an old man ? Lo! this is a strange thing!
Shakir – She said: O wonder! shall I bear a son when I am an extremely old woman and this my husband an extremely old man? Most surely this is a wonderful thing.
Sher Ali – She said, `Oh, woe is me ! Shall I bear a child when I am an extremely old women and this my husband also is a very old man ? This is indeed a strange thing !’

38:5
Khalifa – “Did he make the gods into one god? This is really strange.”
Yusuf Ali – Has he made the gods (all) into one God? Truly this is a wonderful thing!”
Pickthal – Maketh he the gods One God ? Lo! that is an astounding thing.
Shakir – What! makes he the gods a single God? A strange thing is this, to be sure!
Sher Ali –`What ! has he made all the gods into one God ? This is, indeed, an astounding thing.’  

50:2
Khalifa – They found it strange that a warner from among them came to them! The disbelievers said, “This is really strange. Yusuf Ali But they wonder that there has come to them a Warner from among themselves. So the Unbelievers say: “This is a wonderful thing!
Pickthal – Nay, but they marvel that a warner of their own hath come unto them; and the disbelievers say: This is a strange thing:
Shakir – Nay! they wonder that there has come to them a warner from among themselves, so the unbelievers say: This is a wonderful thing:
Sher Ali – But they wonder that there has come to them a Warner from among themselves. And the disbelievers say, `This is a strange thing.

Do angels come as a form of a man to people other than messengers?

See 18:60 – Moses and his teacher. Moses teacher appears to be an angel and was doing things that showed that he was engaging with the general population during his time.

Ark of the Covenant

[2:248] Their prophet said to them, “The sign of his kingship is that the Ark of the Covenant will be restored to you, bringing assurances from your Lord, and relics left by the people of Moses and the people of Aaron. It will be carried by the angels. This should be a convincing sign for you, if you are really believers.” 

[13:11] Shifts (of angels) take turns, staying with each one of you—they are in front of you and behind you. They stay with you, and guard you in accordance with GOD’s commands. Thus, GOD does not change the condition of any people unless they themselves make the decision to change. If GOD wills any hardship for any people, no force can stop it. For they have none beside Him as Lord and Master.

How do we understand when it refers to Abraham as “clement, extremely kind, and obedient”?

Abraham offered a roasted calf to strangers who came by that he does not know. Just shows how kind he was.

There are numerous times the Quran refers to “three days”

[2:196] You shall observe the complete rites of Hajj and`Umrah for GOD. If you are prevented, you shall send an offering, and do not resume cutting your hair until your offering has reached its destination. If you are ill, or suffering a head injury (and you must cut your hair), you shall expiate by fasting, or giving to charity, or some other form of worship. During the normal Hajj, if you break the state of Ihraam (sanctity) between `Umrah and Hajj, you shall expiate by offering an animal sacrifice. If you cannot afford it, you shall fast three days during Hajj and seven when you return home – this completes ten – provided you do not live at the Sacred Masjid. You shall observe GOD, and know that GOD is strict in enforcing retribution.  

[3:41] He said, “My Lord, give me a sign.” He said, “Your sign is that you will not speak to the people for three days, except through signals. Commemorate your Lord frequently; and meditate night and day.”

[5:89] GOD does not hold you responsible for the mere utterance of oaths; He holds you responsible for your actual intentions. If you violate an oath, you shall atone by feeding ten poor people from the same food you offer to your own family, or clothing them, or by freeing a slave. If you cannot afford this, then you shall fast three days. This is the atonement for violating the oaths that you swore to keep. You shall fulfill your oaths. GOD thus explains His revelations to you, that you may be appreciative.  

[11:65] They slaughtered her. He then said, “You have only three days to live. This is a prophecy that is inevitable.”

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The Disbelievers Always Losers (10:63 – 10:68)

The Disbelievers Always Losers

[11:63] He said, “O my people, what if I have solid proof from my Lord, and mercy from Him? Who would support me against GOD, if I disobeyed Him? You can only augment my loss.
[11:64] “O my people, this is GOD’s camel to serve as a proof for you. You shall let her eat from GOD’s earth, and do not touch her with any harm, lest you incur an immediate retribution.”
[11:65] They slaughtered her. He then said, “You have only three days to live. This is a prophecy that is inevitable.”
[11:66] When our judgment came, we saved Sãleh and those who believed with him by mercy from us, from the humiliation of that day. Your Lord is the Most Powerful, the Almighty.
[11:67] Those who transgressed were annihilated by the disaster, leaving them in their homes, dead.
[11:68] It was as if they never lived there. Indeed, Thamûd have rejected their Lord. Absolutely, Thamûd have incurred their annihilation. 

In 11:67 it says that they were “leaving them in their homes, dead” and in 11:68 it says “as if they never lived there”

How were the people of Saleh annihilated?

[7:78] Consequently, the quake annihilated them, leaving them dead in their homes. 

[51:41] In ‘Ãd (there is a lesson). We sent upon them disastrous wind. [51:42] Anything that it came upon was utterly destroyed. [51:43] In Thamûd (there is a lesson). They were told, “Enjoy temporarily.” [51:44] They rebelled against the command of their Lord. Consequently, the lightning struck them as they looked. [51:45] They could never get up, nor were they helped.

Sãleh

[27:45] We have sent to Thamûd their brother Sãleh, saying, “You shall worship GOD.” But they turned into two feuding factions. 

Lightning could have taken their life while the earthquake wiped them out… 

Bizarre Earthquake Lights Finally Explained
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/01/140106-earthquake-lights-earthquake-prediction-geology-science/ 

What is the miracle of sending a camel?

Old Kind of Miracles Made Obsolete

[17:59] What stopped us from sending the miracles is that the previous generations have rejected them. For example, we showed Thamûd the camel, a profound (miracle), but they transgressed against it. We sent the miracles only to instill reverence. 

Sãleh

[7:73] To Thamûd we sent their brother Sãleh. He said, “O my people, worship GOD; you have no other god beside Him. Proof has been provided for you from your Lord: here is GOD’s camel, to serve as a sign for you. Let her eat from GOD’s land, and do not touch her with any harm, lest you incur a painful retribution.

Allah`s Miracles – The Creation Of Camel – Harun Yahya
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R2uZKmlvF-w 
11:63 is in the index under “problems”

Saleh: One and the Same Message (11:61 – 11:62)

Sãleh: One and the Same Message

[11:61] To Thamûd we sent their brother Sãleh. He said, “O my people, worship GOD; you have no other god beside Him. He initiated you from the earth, then settled you in it. You shall seek His forgiveness, then repent to Him. My Lord is always near, responsive.”
[11:62] They said, “O Sãleh, you used to be popular among us before this. Are you enjoining us from worshiping what our parents are worshiping? We are full of doubt concerning everything you have told us.”

Social Conformity – Brain Games
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o8BkzvP19v4

[6:116] If you obey the majority of people on earth, they will divert you from the path of GOD. They follow only conjecture; they only guess.

Saleh – Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saleh

Thamud – Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thamud

Hud: One and the Same Message (11:50 – 11:60)

Hûd: One and the Same Message

[11:50] To ‘Ãd we sent their brother Hûd. He said, “O my people, worship GOD; you have no other god besides Him. You are inventing.
[11:51] “O my people, I do not ask you for any wage. My wage comes only from the One who initiated me. Do you not understand?
[11:52] “O my people, seek forgiveness from your Lord, then repent to Him. He will then shower you with provisions from the sky, and augment your strength. Do not turn back into transgressors.”
[11:53] They said, “O Hûd, you did not show us any proof, and we are not abandoning our gods on account of what you say. We will never be believers with you.
[11:54] “We believe that some of our gods have afflicted you with a curse.” He said, “I bear witness before GOD, and you bear witness as well, that I disown the idols you have set up—
[11:55] “—beside Him. So, give me your collective decision, without delay.
[11:56] “I have put my trust in GOD, my Lord and your Lord. There is not a creature that He does not control. My Lord is on the right path.
[11:57] “If you turn away, I have delivered to you what I was sent with. My Lord will substitute other people in your place; you cannot harm Him in the least. My Lord is in control of all things.”
[11:58] When our judgment came, we saved Hûd and those who believed with him, by mercy from us. We saved them from a terrible retribution.
[11:59] Such was ‘Ãd—they disregarded the revelations of their Lord, disobeyed His messengers, and followed the ways of every stubborn tyrant.
[11:60] Consequently, they incurred condemnation in this world, and on the Day of Resurrection. Indeed, ‘Ãd rejected their Lord. Indeed, ‘Ãd, the people of Hûd, have perished.

 In 11:58 why does it say “by mercy from us”?

[16:61] If GOD punished the people for their transgressions, He would have annihilated every creature on earth. But He respites them for a specific, predetermined time. Once their interim ends, they cannot delay it by one hour, nor advance it.

Requirements For Attaining God’s Mercy: The Importance of Zakat

[7:156] “And decree for us righteousness in this world, and in the Hereafter. We have repented to You.” He said, “My retribution befalls whomever I will. But My mercy encompasses all things. However, I will specify it for those who (1) lead a righteous life, (2) give the obligatory charity (Zakat),* (3) believe in our revelations, and  [7:157] “(4) follow the messenger, the gentile prophet (Muhammad), whom they find written in their Torah and Gospel.* He exhorts them to be righteous, enjoins them from evil, allows for them all good food, and prohibits that which is bad, and unloads the burdens and the shackles imposed upon them. Those who believe in him, respect him, support him, and follow the light that came with him are the successful ones.”

If worshiping God is instinctive from 30:30 and 7:172 then why is it that so few people believe in God? 

Prophet Hud – Wikipedia
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hud_(prophet)                

11:52
The Economist: Rainfall and GDP All latest updates Let it rain
http://www.economist.com/node/13432503 

11:59
Aeon: The desire to fit in is the root of almost all wrongdoing
https://aeon.co/ideas/the-desire-to-fit-in-is-the-root-of-almost-all-wrongdoing

The Myth of Intercession (11:46 – 11:49)

The Myth of Intercession*

[11:46] He said, “O Noah, he is not of your family. It is unrighteous to ask Me for something you do not know.* I enlighten you, lest you be like the ignorant.”
*11:46 Intercession is Satan’s most effective bait to entice people into idol worship. However, Abraham could not help his father, nor could Noah help his son, nor could Muhammad help his own relatives (2:254, 9:80 & 114).

[11:47] He said, “My Lord, I seek refuge in You, lest I implore You again for something I do not know. Unless You forgive me, and have mercy on me, I will be with the losers.”
[11:48] It was proclaimed: “O Noah, disembark, with peace and blessings upon you, and upon nations who will descend from your companions. As for the other nations descending from you, we will bless them for awhile, then commit them to painful retribution.”
[11:49] This is news from the past that we reveal to you. You had no knowledge about them—neither you, nor your people—before this. Therefore, be patient. The ultimate victory belongs to the righteous. 

The Real Family

[49:10] The believers are members of one family; you shall keep the peace within your family and reverence GOD, that you may attain mercy. 

Compare Abraham arguing about Lot’s people compared to Noah arguing about his son…

[11:74] When Abraham’s fear subsided, and the good news was delivered to him, he proceeded to argue with us on behalf of Lot’s people. [11:75] Indeed, Abraham was clement, extremely kind, and obedient. [11:76] “O Abraham, refrain from this. Your Lord’s judgment has been issued; they have incurred unavoidable retribution.”

Compare Noah and his son with Abraham and Ishmael or Moses’s mother and Moses being thrown into the river – it all takes a tremendous amount of faith.

Why does God say that Muhammad and his people had no knowledge about Noah in 11:49 when it was documented in the Old Testament?

Muhammad was a gentile and not knowledgeable about the previous scriptures. 

Appendix 8

(from: Quran The Final Testament, by Rashad Khalifa, PhD.)

The Myth of Intercession

To believe that anyone, other than God, can intercede on our behalf to have our sins forgiven or our wishes fulfilled, is to set up partners with God. This is idolatry. The Quran proclaims that “All intercession belongs to God” (39:44), and that there will be “no intercession on the Day of Judgment” (2:254).

The myth of intercession is one of Satan’s most effective tricks to dupe millions of people into idol worship. Millions of Christians believe that Jesus will intercede for them at God, and millions of Muslims believe that Muhammad will intercede on their behalf. Consequently, these people idolize Jesus and Muhammad.

The concept of intercession is utterly illogical. Those who believe in Muhammad’s intercession, for example, claim that he will ask God to forgive them and admit them into Paradise. They imagine Muhammad on the Day of Judgment choosing the candidates for his intercession. If you ask those who believe in intercession: “How will Muhammad recognize those who deserve his intercession?” they tell you, “God will tell him!” According to this concept, a person will go to Muhammad and request his intercession. Muhammad will then ask God whether this person deserves his intercession or not. God will inform Muhammad that the person deserves to go to Paradise. Muhammad will then turn around and tell God that the person deserves to go to Paradise! The blasphemy is obvious; those who believe in intercession make God a secretary of their idol Muhammad. God be glorified.

Since the Quran is the most accurate book, it acknowledges that everyone in Paradise will intercede on behalf of his or her loved ones: “Please God, admit my mother into Paradise.” This intercession will work if the person’s mother deserves to go to Paradise (2:25520:10921:28). Thus, intercession, though it will take place in this manner, is utterly useless.

We learn from the Quran that Abraham, God’s beloved servant, could not intercede on behalf of his father (9:114). Noah could not intercede on behalf of his son (11:46). Muhammad could not intercede on behalf of his uncle (111:1-3) or relatives (9:80). What makes anyone think that a prophet or a saint will intercede on behalf of a perfect stranger?! See 2:481236:5170947:5310:319:8726:100;30:1332:436:2339:4440:1843:8653:26 & 74:48. Muhammad’s intercession is in 25:30.

http://www.masjidtucson.org/quran/appendices/appendix8.html

 Unquestioning Submission: Quality of the True Believers

[4:64] We did not send any messenger except to be obeyed in accordance with GOD’s will. Had they, when they wronged their souls, come to you and prayed to GOD for forgiveness, and the messenger prayed for their forgiveness, they would have found GOD Redeemer, Most Merciful. [4:65] Never indeed, by your Lord; they are not believers unless they come to you to judge in their disputes, then find no hesitation in their hearts whatsoever in accepting your judgment. They must submit a total submission. 

The Warnings Go Unheeded

[7:133] Consequently, we sent upon them the flood, the locusts, the lice, the frogs, and the blood—profound signs. But they maintained their arrogance. They were evil people. [7:134] Whenever a plague afflicted them, they said, “O Moses, implore your Lord—you are close to Him. If you relieve this plague, we will believe with you, and will send the Children of Israel with you.” [7:135] Yet, when we relieved the plague for any length of time, they violated their pledge.

Supplication: A Form of Worship*

[40:60] Your Lord says, “Implore Me, and I will respond to you. Surely, those who are too arrogant to worship Me will enter Gehenna, forcibly.”

 

 

Where Did the Ark Land (11:44 – 11:49)

Where Did the Ark Land

[11:44] It was proclaimed: “O earth, swallow your water,” and “O sky, cease.” The water then subsided; the judgment was fulfilled. The ark finally rested on the hills of Judea.* It was then proclaimed: “The transgressors have perished.”
[11:45] Noah implored his Lord: “My Lord, my son is a member of my family, and Your promise is the truth. You are the wisest of the wise.”

Was Noah’s son already dead when he implored God?

In 11:44 it says that the transgressors have perished meaning that his son was already dead. Therefore Noah was asking to intercede on behalf of his son after his death. Noah already knew that the disbelievers were annihilated he even implored God not to allow a single disbeliever yet he still implored God to intercede on his behalf. 

[71:26] Noah also said, “My Lord, do not leave a single disbeliever on earth. [71:27] “For if you let them, they will only mislead your servants and give birth to nothing but wicked disbelievers. [71:28] “My Lord, forgive me and my parents, and anyone who enters my home as a believer, and all the believing men and women. But do not give the disbelievers anything but annihilation.” 

Both verses 44 and 44 start with “it was proclaimed” one to Noah and one to the Earth, but who proclaimed it?

All commandments come from God, but how it was carried out is undetermined as to who actually proclaimed it. Example of Angles as drivers of the winds.

[21:68] They said, “Burn him and support your gods, if this is what you decide to do.” [21:69] We said, “O fire, be cool and safe for Abraham.”* 
[3:95] Say, “GOD has proclaimed the truth: You shall follow Abraham’s religion – monotheism. He never was an idolater.”
[5:119] GOD will proclaim, “This is a day when the truthful will be saved by their truthfulness.” They have deserved gardens with flowing streams. They abide therein forever. GOD is pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. This is the greatest triumph.

He Who Laughs Last Laughs Best (11:38 – 11:43)

He Who Laughs Last Laughs Best

[11:38] While he was building the ark, whenever some of his people passed by him they laughed at him. He said, “You may be laughing at us, but we are laughing at you, just as you are laughing.
[11:39] “You will surely find out who will suffer a shameful retribution, and incur an everlasting punishment.”
[11:40] When our judgment came, and the atmosphere boiled over, we said, “Carry on it a pair of each kind,* together with your family, except those who are condemned. Carry with you those who have believed,” and only a few have believed with him.
*11:40 & 44 This is God’s proven truth: Noah’s ark was made of logs, tied together with primitive ropes (54:13). Contrary to common belief, the flood was limited to the area around today’s Dead Sea, and the animals were only Noah’s livestock; not every animal that lived on earth. 

[11:41] He said, “Come on board. In the name of GOD shall be its sailing, and its mooring. My Lord is Forgiver, Most Merciful.”
[11:42] As it sailed with them in waves like hills, Noah called his son, who was isolated: “O my son, come ride with us; do not be with the disbelievers.”
[11:43] He said, “I will take refuge on top of a hill, to protect me from the water.” He said, “Nothing can protect anyone today from GOD’s judgment; only those worthy of His mercy(will be saved).” The waves separated them, and he was among those who drowned 

Joel Osteen – You Can Have the Last Laugh
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TLxrFDHefyk