Allying With Disbelievers (5:80 – 5:81)

[5:80] You would see many of them allying themselves with those who disbelieve. Miserable indeed is what their hands have sent forth on behalf of their souls. GOD is angry with them and, consequently, they will abide forever in retribution.
[5:81] Had they believed in GOD, and the prophet, and in what was revealed to him herein, they would not have befriended them. But many of them are evil.

The Bystander Affect
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OSsPfbup0ac

 

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Apathy Condemned (5:79)

Apathy Condemned

[5:79] They did not enjoin one another from committing evil. Miserable indeed is what they did.

Believers uphold the truth and also remind in a nice and compassionate way.

Group think = doing things because the group you are a part of put pressure to behave & conform a certain way.

Group think promotes apathy. One with God is the majority. Do what is right regardless of the group. God tells us He gave us the mind, the brain and use them.

[16:78] GOD brought you out of your mothers’ bellies knowing nothing, and He gave you the hearing, the eyesight, and the brains, that you may be appreciative.

We are accountable for our actions and no one else.

[3:110] You are the best community ever raised among the people: you advocate righteousness and forbid evil, and you believe in GOD. If the followers of the scripture believed, it would be better for them. Some of them do believe, but the majority of them are wicked.

Peer pressure is a bad thing. Trust in God. No leaf falls without His permission.

Social Pressure: A Profound Disaster

[29:25] He said, “You worship beside GOD powerless idols due to peer pressure, just to preserve some friendship among you in this worldly life. But then, on the Day of Resurrection, you will disown one another, and curse one another. Your destiny is Hell, wherein you cannot help one another.”

Choose Your Friends Carefully (5:77 – 5:78)

Choose Your Friends Carefully

[5:77] Say, “O people of the scripture, do not transgress the limits of your religion beyond the truth, and do not follow the opinions of people who have gone astray, and have misled multitudes of people; they are far astray from the right path.”
[5:78] Condemned are those who disbelieved among the Children of Israel, by the tongue of David and Jesus, the son of Mary. This is because they disobeyed and transgressed.

Choose your friends carefully, because we are easily influenced by those around us and give into peer pressure; as discussed before we are the average of our 5 closest friends. Few people are willing to stand out from the crowd, they feel more comfortable to conform. Only those who have strong convictions will stand up for the truth. Everyone must think for himself or herself. Just because everyone is doing something does not make it right. Do not conform; follow what is best in the Quran. 

If you are friends with someone who insults you, what should you do?

If it is for your religion then do not sit with them when they are engaging in this behavior to set a precedent that this is not acceptable behavior. If it is for non-religious reasons maybe they are being influenced by others around them and are giving in to peer pressure, maybe time to distance yourself from them and just give them a good example of moral high ground.

[6:68] If you see those who mock our revelations, you shall avoid them until they delve into another subject. If the devil causes you to forget, then, as soon as you remember, do not sit with such evil people.

Candid Camera Elevator Experiment
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UauW-YARLtE

Documentary Human Zoo Episode 2
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gPvwxCbA7_Y

Today’s Christianity Not Jesus’ Religion (5:72 – 5:76)

Today’s Christianity Not Jesus’ Religion*

[5:72] Pagans indeed are those who say that GOD is the Messiah, son of Mary. The Messiah himself said, “O Children of Israel, you shall worship GOD; my Lord* and your Lord.” Anyone who sets up any idol beside GOD, GOD has forbidden Paradise for him, and his destiny is Hell. The wicked have no helpers. 
*5:72-76 In John 20:17, we see that Jesus taught that he was neither God, nor the son of God. Many theologians have concluded, after careful research, that today’s Christianity is not the same Christianity taught by Jesus. Two outstanding books on this subject are “The Myth of God Incarnate” (The Westminster Press, Philadelphia, 1977) and The “Mythmaker” (Harper & Row, New York, 1986). On the front jacket of “The Mythmaker” we read the following statement: “…Hyam Maccoby presents new arguments to support the view that Paul, not Jesus, was the founder of Christianity….it was Paul alone who created a new religion through his vision of Jesus as a divine Saviour who died to save humanity.” 
[5:73] Pagans indeed are those who say that GOD is a third of a trinity. There is no god except the one god. Unless they refrain from saying this, those who disbelieve among them will incur a painful retribution.
[5:74] Would they not repent to GOD, and ask His forgiveness? GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[5:75] The Messiah, son of Mary, is no more than a messenger like the messengers before him, and his mother was a saint. Both of them used to eat the food. Note how we explain the revelations for them, and note how they still deviate!
[5:76] Say, “Would you worship beside GOD powerless idols who can neither harm you, nor benefit you? GOD is Hearer, Omniscient.”

Paul invented Christianity. Follow Jesus only. 1/2
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HCVpiZo5jAk

Paul invented Christianity. Follow Jesus only. 2/2
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2pqCwX58Wr8

Reza Aslan – The Jesus of History versus the Christ of Faith
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7VOMFjQfJ8w

Minimum Requirement for Salvation (5:69 – 5:71)

Minimum Requirements For Salvation

[5:69] Surely, those who believe, those who are Jewish, the converts, and the Christians; any of them who (1) believe in GOD and (2) believe in the Last Day, and (3) lead a righteous life, have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.
[5:70] We have taken a covenant from the Children of Israel, and we sent to them messengers. Whenever a messenger went to them with anything they disliked, some of them they rejected, and some they killed.
[5:71] They thought that they would not be tested, so they turned blind and deaf, then GOD redeemed them, but then many of them turned blind and deaf again. GOD is Seer of everything they do. 

What does it mean to not fear or grief?
Fear is about an uncertainty in the future, while grief is about the past. Shows that God has everything under control. Fear and grief is an element of faith.

Unity of All Submitters

[2:62] Surely, those who believe, those who are Jewish, the Christians, and the converts; anyone who (1) believes in GOD, and (2) believes in the Last Day, and (3) leads a righteous life, will receive their recompense from their Lord. They have nothing to fear, nor will they grieve.

Despite having faith and belief conquering fear or grief takes a lot of practice:

Jacob with Joseph – Jacob still grieved over Joseph while they were separated.
[12:84] He turned away from them, saying, “I am grieving over Joseph.” His eyes turned white from grieving so much; he was truly sad. [12:85] They said, “By GOD, you will keep on grieving over Joseph until you become ill, or until you die.” [12:86] He said, “I simply complain to GOD about my dilemma and grief, for I know from GOD what you do not know.

Mary with Jesus – Mary still wished she was dead despite God’s confirmation of this blessing.
[3:45] The angels said, “O Mary, GOD gives you good news: a Word from Him whose name is `The Messiah, Jesus the son of Mary. He will be prominent in this life and in the Hereafter, and one of those closest to Me.’ 

The Birth of Jesus

[19:22] When she bore him, she isolated herself to a faraway place.
[19:23] The birth process came to her by the trunk of a palm tree. She said, “(I am so ashamed;) I wish I were dead before this happened, and completely forgotten.” 

Moses’ mother with Moses – She grew anxious after throwing him into the river.
[28:10] The mind of Moses’ mother was growing so anxious that she almost gave away his identity. But we strengthened her heart, to make her a believer.

Would God send a disaster to someone who is doing everything right?
[4:147] What will GOD gain from punishing you, if you became appreciative and believed? GOD is Appreciative, Omniscient. 

God is the Doer of Everything*

[4:78] Wherever you are, death will catch up with you, even if you live in formidable castles. When something good happens to them, they say, “This is from GOD,” and when something bad afflicts them, they blame you. Say, “Everything comes from GOD.” Why do these people misunderstand almost everything?
Footnote: *4:78 Bad things are consequences of our own deeds (42:30, 64:11), though God is the doer of everything (8:17). God created the fire to serve us, but you can decide to put your finger in it. We thus hurt ourselves. It is God’s law that if you put your finger in the fire, it will hurt. 

[2:156] When an affliction befalls them, they say, “We belong to GOD, and to Him we are returning.”

Nothing Bad Comes From God

[4:79] Anything good that happens to you is from GOD, and anything bad that happens to you is from you. We have sent you as a messenger to the people,* and GOD suffices as witness.

Our love for God has to be greater than our fear of anything else.

Why did God redeem them when they turned blind and deaf again?
This shows God’s mercy. That despite them turning blind and deaf God still redeemed them. God gives many chances yet people still revert from God. From this verse it also shows that some did reform, but most did not.

[39:55] And follow the best path that is pointed out for you by your Lord, before the retribution overtakes you suddenly when you least expect it.
[39:56] Lest a soul may say, “How sorry I am for disregarding GOD’s commandments; I was certainly one of the mockers.”
[39:57] Or say, “Had GOD guided me, I would have been with the righteous.”
[39:58] Or say, when it sees the retribution, “If I get another chance, I will work righteousness.”
[39:59] Yes indeed (you did get enough chances). My proofs came to you, but you rejected them, turned arrogant, and became a disbeliever.

[6:27] If only you could see them when they face the hellfire! They would say then, “Woe to us. Oh, we wish we could go back, and never reject our Lord’s revelations, and join the believers.”
[6:28] As a matter of fact, (they only say this because) their secrets have been exposed. If they go back, they will commit exactly the same crimes.* They are liars. 

Psalm 91 

1 Whoever dwells in the shelter of the Most High will rest in the shadow of the Almighty.2 I will say of the Lord, “He is my refuge and my fortress, my God, in whom I trust.” 3 Surely he will save you from the fowler’s snare and from the deadly pestilence. 4 He will cover you with his feathers, and under his wings you will find refuge; his faithfulness will be your shield and rampart. 5 You will not fear the terror of night, nor the arrow that flies by day, 6 nor the pestilence that stalks in the darkness, nor the plague that destroys at midday. 7 A thousand may fall at your side, ten thousand at your right hand, but it will not come near you. 8 You will only observe with your eyes and see the punishment of the wicked. 9 If you say, “The Lord is my refuge,” and you make the Most High your dwelling, 10 no harm will overtake you, no disaster will come near your tent. 11 For he will command his angels concerning you to guard you in all your ways; 12 they will lift you up in their hands, so that you will not strike your foot against a stone. 13 You will tread on the lion and the cobra; you will trample the great lion and the serpent. 14 “Because he[b] loves me,” says the Lord, “I will rescue him; I will protect him, for he acknowledges my name. 15 He will call on me, and I will answer him; I will be with him in trouble, I will deliver him and honor him. 16 With long life I will satisfy him and show him my salvation.”

The Messenger Must Deliver (5:67 – 5:68)

The Messenger Must Deliver

[5:67] O you messenger, deliver what is revealed to you from your Lord – until you do, you have not delivered His message – and GOD will protect you from the people. GOD does not guide the disbelieving people.

[5:68] Say, “O people of the scripture, you have no basis until you uphold the Torah, and the Gospel, and what is sent down to you herein from your Lord.” For sure, these revelations from your Lord will cause many of them to plunge deeper into transgression and disbelief. Therefore, do not feel sorry for the disbelieving people. 

Is it possible for the messenger to not deliver the entire message? 

[5:101] O you who believe, do not ask about matters which, if revealed to you prematurely, would hurt you. If you ask about them in light of the Quran, they will become obvious to you. GOD has deliberately overlooked them. GOD is Forgiver, Clement.

[20:114] Most Exalted is GOD, the only true King. Do not rush into uttering the Quran before it is revealed to you, and say, “My Lord, increase my knowledge.”

Salvation for Jews and Christians (5:65 – 5:66)

Salvation For Jews and Christians

[5:65] If only the people of the scripture believe and lead a righteous life, we will then remit their sins, and admit them into gardens of bliss.

They Must Believe in This Quran

[5:66] If only they would uphold the Torah and the Gospel, and what is sent down to them herein from their Lord, they would be showered with blessings from above them and from beneath their feet. Some of them are righteous, but many of them are evildoers.

 One Man’s Trash Is Another Man’s Soccer Ball | Op-Docs | The New York Times
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EY6NRwiCY4A&list=PL4CGYNsoW2iCb4uQUNgWK6TJJgNVp-MpP&index=51