People We Shouldn’t Befriend (5:51 – 5:57)

Certain Jews and Christians Cannot Be Friends*

[5:51] O you who believe, do not take certain Jews and Christians as allies; these are allies of one another. Those among you who ally themselves with these belong with them. GOD does not guide the transgressors.
*5:51 Relations with other people are governed by the basic rule in 5:57 & 60:8-9. The Jews and Christians who cannot be friends are specifically mentioned in 5:57; they are the ones who mock and ridicule the believers, or attack them.

[5:52] You will see those who harbor doubt in their hearts hasten to join them, saying, “We fear lest we may be defeated.” May GOD bring victory, or a command from Him, that causes them to regret their secret thoughts.
[5:53] The believers will then say, “Are these the same people who swore by GOD solemnly that they were with you?” Their works have been nullified; they are the losers.
[5:54] O you who believe, if you revert from your religion, then GOD will substitute in your place people whom He loves and who love Him. They will be kind with the believers, stern with the disbelievers, and will strive in the cause of GOD without fear of any blame. Such is GOD’s blessing; He bestows it upon whomever He wills. GOD is Bounteous, Omniscient.
[5:55] Your real allies are GOD and His messenger, and the believers who observe the Contact Prayers (Salat), and give the obligatory charity (Zakat), and they bow down.
[5:56] Those who ally themselves with GOD and His messenger, and those who believed, belong in the party of GOD; absolutely, they are the victors.

Which Jews and Christians

[5:57] O you who believe, do not befriend those among the recipients of previous scripture who mock and ridicule your religion, nor shall you befriend the disbelievers. You shall reverence GOD, if you are really believers.

Who are we not allowed to befriend?

Basic Law Regulating Relations With Unbelievers

[60:8] GOD does not enjoin you from befriending those who do not fight you because of religion, and do not evict you from your homes. You may befriend them and be equitable towards them. GOD loves the equitable.
[60:9] GOD enjoins you only from befriending those who fight you because of religion, evict you from your homes, and band together with others to banish you. You shall not befriend them. Those who befriend them are the transgressors.

Blind Muslim Trust Experiment – New York City
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cKEKiwB1A3E

Words are really powerful. God created everything with one word “Be”. When someone uses words to mock the words that are used have lasting effects.

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Quran: The Ultimate Reference / Compete on Righteousness (5:48 – 5:50)

Quran: The Ultimate Reference

[5:48] Then we revealed to you this scripture, truthfully, confirming previous scriptures, and superseding them. You shall rule among them in accordance with GOD’s revelations, and do not follow their wishes if they differ from the truth that came to you. For each of you, we have decreed laws and different rites. Had GOD willed, He could have made you one congregation. But He thus puts you to the test through the revelations He has given each of you. You shall compete in righteousness. To GOD is your final destiny – all of you – then He will inform you of everything you had disputed.
[5:49] You shall rule among them in accordance with GOD’s revelations to you. Do not follow their wishes, and beware lest they divert you from some of GOD’s revelations to you. If they turn away, then know that GOD wills to punish them for some of their sins. Indeed, many people are wicked.
[5:50] Is it the law of the days of ignorance that they seek to uphold? Whose law is better than GOD’s for those who have attained certainty?

What does it mean to compete in righteousness?
As oppose to competing against one another, it means to compete to do better. Our focus should be in righteousness, not wealth, vanity, looks etc. When we compete it can bring the best and worst out of people. The decision is ours.

The Mitchell Marcus Story
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=naRCfl8oCos

If Marcus scored a point during his numerous attempts then this amazing moment wouldn’t have taken place as the opposing team may not have been inclined to give him another point.

Oregon Sara Tucholsky first HR – Ultimate Sportsmanship
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jocw-oD2pgo

If the referee knew that it would have been okay to put a replacement player in for Sara then the other team would not have been able to live up to their potential.

Wayne Dyer Reads The Shaya Story
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXTSClELzK4

[42:40] Although the just requital for an injustice is an equivalent retribution, those who pardon and maintain righteousness are rewarded by GOD. He does not love the unjust.

The Gospel of Jesus: Guidance and Light (5:46 – 5:47)

The Gospel of Jesus: Guidance and Light

[5:46] Subsequent to them, we sent Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming the previous scripture, the Torah. We gave him the Gospel, containing guidance and light, and confirming the previous scriptures, the Torah, and augmenting its guidance and light, and to enlighten the righteous.
[5:47] The people of the Gospel shall rule in accordance with GOD’s revelations therein. Those who do not rule in accordance with GOD’s revelations are the wicked. 

For each people God has given guidance for them to follow. Ultimately they can follow the Quran as it is the ultimate reference, but if they don’t have the Quran then they should follow their own scripture. A Christian or a Jew that has not received the Quran, should follow their own scripture.

Message of Jesus
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dT8_faUmR1w

[22:52] We did not send before you any messenger, nor a prophet, without having the devil interfere in his wishes. GOD then nullifies what the devil has done. GOD perfects His revelations. GOD is Omniscient, Most Wise. 

[6:112] We have permitted the enemies of every prophet – human and jinn devils – to inspire in each other fancy words, in order to deceive. Had your Lord willed, they would not have done it. You shall disregard them and their fabrications. 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brothers_of_Jesus
“The New Testament describes James, Joseph (Joses), Judas (Jude) and Simon as brothers of Jesus. Also mentioned, but not named, are sisters of Jesus. Some scholars argue that these brothers, especially James, held positions of special honor in the early Christian church.”

The Law of Equivalence (5:45)

The Law of Equivalence

[5:45] And we decreed for them in it that: the life for the life, the eye for the eye, the nose for the nose, the ear for the ear, the tooth for the tooth, and an equivalent injury for any injury. If one forfeits what is due to him as a charity, it will atone for his sins. Those who do not rule in accordance with GOD’s revelations are the unjust. 

Meet the Judge Who Went Viral For His Creative Punishments
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZSTu98-Cus

Professor Robert Sapolsky – Tit for Tat @Stanford 2009
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gsf2zCcWuTE

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tit_for_tat
“Moreover, the tit-for-tat strategy has been of beneficial use to social psychologists and sociologists[who?] in studying effective techniques to reduce conflict. Research has indicated[who?] that when individuals who have been in competition for a period of time no longer trust one another, the most effective competition reverser is the use of the tit-for-tat strategy. Individuals commonly engage in behavioral assimilation, a process in which they tend to match their own behaviors to those displayed by cooperating or competing group members. If the tit-for-tat strategy begins with cooperation, then cooperation therefore ensues. On the other hand, if the other party competes, then the tit-for-tat strategy will lead the alternate party to compete as well. Ultimately, each action by the other member is countered with a matching response, competition with competition and cooperation with cooperation.

In the case of conflict resolution, the tit-for-tat strategy is effective for several reasons: the technique is recognized as clear, nice, provocable, and forgiving.[according to whom?][citation needed] Firstly, It is a clear and recognizable strategy. Those using it quickly recognize its contingencies and adjust their behavior accordingly. Moreover, it is considered to be nice as it begins with cooperation and only defects in following competitive move. The strategy is also provocable because it provides immediate retaliation for those who compete. Finally, it is forgiving as it immediately produces cooperation should the competitor make a cooperative move.”

[8:58] When you are betrayed by a group of people, you shall mobilize against them in the same manner. GOD does not love the betrayers.
[8:59] Let not those who disbelieve think that they can get away with it; they can never escape.

Do Not Reverence Human Beings (5:44)

Honoring Previous Scripture

[5:44] We have sent down the Torah,* containing guidance and light. Ruling in accordance with it were the Jewish prophets, as well as the rabbis and the priests, as dictated to them in GOD’s scripture, and as witnessed by them. Therefore, do not reverence human beings; you shall reverence Me instead. And do not trade away My revelations for a cheap price. Those who do not rule in accordance with GOD’s revelations are the disbelievers.
*5:44 The Torah is a collection of all the scriptures revealed through all the prophets of Israel prior to Jesus Christ, i.e., today’s Old Testament. Nowhere in the Quran do we find that the Torah was given to Moses.

Why We Worship Celebrities
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9l76OX0b2fo

 

Celebrity Worship & New Age Idols
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-v6sVzLz7t8

Muhammad Worship
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X7ifZdCl1x0

Pope worship, Mary worship, saint worship, etc.

What does it mean when it says don’t trade away God’s revelations for a cheap price?
This occurs when people turn their back against God and commit sin for a quick apparent gain in this world. If people can’t keep their covenant with God how are we suppose to expect people to keep their promise with you.

 

Distorting God’s Words (5:41-5:43)

[5:41] O you messenger, do not be saddened by those who hasten to disbelieve among those who say, “We believe,” with their mouths, while their hearts do not believe. Among the Jews, some listened to lies. They listened to people who never met you, and who distorted the words out of context, then said, “If you are given this, accept it, but if you are given anything different, beware.” Whomever GOD wills to divert, you can do nothing to help him against GOD. GOD does not wish to cleanse their hearts. They have incurred humiliation in this world, and in the Hereafter, they will suffer a terrible retribution.
[5:42] They are upholders of lies, and eaters of illicit earnings. If they come to you to judge among them, you may judge among them, or you may disregard them. If you choose to disregard them, they cannot harm you in the least. But if you judge among them, you shall judge equitably. GOD loves those who are equitable.
[5:43] Why do they ask you to judge among them, when they have the Torah, containing GOD’s law, and they chose to disregard it? They are not believers.

When it says that “they listened to people who never met you, and who distorted the words out of context” does that only apply to the Children of Israel or can this be applied at any time?
We see this same situation take place with Jesus, Muhammad and the Messenger of the Covenant. Jesus never said he was God, the son of God, or part of a trinity, but people took his words out of context. Muslims in mass created hadith that were created hundreds of years after Muhammad’s death and attribute all kinds of lies to him. Similarly people are starting to do the same thing with the Messenger of the Covenant.

What is the relation between lies and illicit earnings?
Human beings have a tendency of being able to convince themselves of anything. When there is a monetary stake, people have more of a tendency to deceive themselves to justify illicit earnings.

Why would God will to divert people?
God does not lead anyone astray. God created a system whereby any belief we choose it is God’s system to augment that belief and justify it for each person.

[19:75] Say, “Those who choose to go astray, the Most Gracious will lead them on, until they see what is promised for them – either the retribution or the Hour. That is when they find out who really is worse off, and weaker in power.”
[19:76] GOD augments the guidance of those who choose to be guided. For the good deeds are eternally rewarded by your Lord, and bring far better returns. 

[3:177] Those who choose disbelief, instead of belief, do not hurt GOD in the least; they have incurred a painful retribution.
[3:178] Let not the disbelievers think that we lead them on for their own good. We only lead them on to confirm their sinfulness. They have incurred a humiliating retribution.
[3:179] GOD is not to leave the believers as you are, without distinguishing the bad from the good. Nor does GOD inform you of the future, but GOD bestows such knowledge upon whomever He chooses from among His messengers. Therefore, you shall believe in GOD and His messengers. If you believe and lead a righteous life, you receive a great recompense. Footnote
[3:180] Let not those who withhold and hoard GOD’s provisions think that this is good for them; it is bad for them. For they will carry their hoardings around their necks on the Day of Resurrection. GOD is the ultimate inheritor of the heavens and the earth. GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do.

Do we have precedent of Children of Israel asking people of other scripture for judgment?
It is interesting that even if they went to Muhammad for judgment, God still pointed them to their own scripture. Similarly God gave us the Quran, yet people go to other sources looking for a different answer.

Since they went to Muhammad to judge shows a sign that they are not happy with what their scripture says, so they are hoping to get a different answer from Muhammad.

Could seeking judgment have anything to do with the two people that went to David for judgment? Should David have provided judgment from the Torah?
[38:21] Have you received news of the feuding men who sneaked into his sanctuary? [38:22] When they entered his room, he was startled. They said, “Have no fear. We are feuding with one another, and we are seeking your fair judgment. Do not wrong us, and guide us in the right path.
[38:23] “This brother of mine owns ninety-nine sheep, while I own one sheep. He wants to mix my sheep with his, and continues to pressure me.”

David’s Exemplary Piety

[38:24] He said, “He is being unfair to you by asking to combine your sheep with his. Most people who combine their properties treat each other unfairly, except those who believe and work righteousness, and these are so few.” Afterwards, David wondered if he made the right judgment. He thought that we were testing him. He then implored his Lord for forgiveness, bowed down, and repented.
*38:24 In this clear example, 99 on one side vs 1 on the other side, David’s extreme care to render the correct judgment caused him to ask forgiveness. Are we this careful?

Punishment for Stealing (5:38 – 5:40)

Mathematical Proof Supports Quranic Justice

[5:38] The thief, male or female, you shall mark their hands* as a punishment for their crime, and to serve as an example from GOD. GOD is Almighty, Most Wise. 
*5:38 The practice of cutting off the thief’s hand, as decreed by the false Muslims, is a satanic practice without Quranic basis. Due to the special importance of this example, God has provided mathematical proof in support of marking the hand of the thief, rather than severing it. Verse 12:31 refers to the women who so admired Joseph that they “cut” their hands. Obviously, they did not “cut off” their hands; nobody can. The sum of sura and verse numbers are the same for 5:38 and 12:31, i.e., 43. It is also the will and mercy of God that this mathematical relationship conforms with the Quran’s 19-based code. Nineteen verses after 12:31, we see the same word (12:50).

[5:39] If one repents after committing this crime, and reforms, GOD redeems him. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
[5:40] Do you not know that GOD possesses the sovereignty of the heavens and the earth? He punishes whomever He wills, and forgives whomever He wills. GOD is Omnipotent.

[12:31] When she heard of their gossip, she invited them, prepared for them a comfortable place, and gave each of them a knife. She then said to him, “Enter their room.” When they saw him, they so admired him, that they cut their hands.* They said, “Glory be to GOD, this is not a human being; this is an honorable angel.” 

What does it mean by mark?
Would need to be a visible mark so that people know the person committed the crime. This is a sign of public exposure.

Meet the Judge Who Went Viral For His Creative Punishments
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pZSTu98-Cus

 

[24:2] The adulteress and the adulterer you shall whip each of them a hundred lashes. Do not be swayed by pity from carrying out GOD’s law, if you truly believe in GOD and the Last Day. And let a group of believers witness their penalty.*
*24:2 Social pressure, i.e., public witnessing of the penalty, is the basic punishment (see also 5:38). The lashes shall be symbolic, not severe.

Do we have to mark? How deep of a mark?
God sets the limits on the punishment, and in this case marking is the limit. It does not specify how deep of a mark or what kind of mark. Perhaps this is so we can make the judgment within the confines of this limitation.