God’s Psychology – Bad Language (4:148 – 4:149)

Do Not Use Bad Language

[4:148] GOD does not like the utterance of bad language, unless one is treated with gross injustice. GOD is Hearer, Knower.
[4:149] If you work righteousness – either declared or concealed – or pardon a transgression, GOD is Pardoner, Omnipotent.

What is gross injustice?

This verse is putting a carve-out for a scenario where it wouldn’t happen. As someone who is a believer would realize that in the grand scheme of things there is no injustice. Everything that happens is under God’s control and as believers will be for the believers good. 

[4:2] You shall hand over to the orphans their rightful properties. Do not substitute the bad for the good, and do not consume their properties by combining them with yours. This would be a gross injustice.

[2:182] If one sees gross injustice or bias on the part of a testator, and takes corrective action to restore justice to the will, he commits no sin. GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.

[31:13] Recall that Luqman said to his son, as he enlightened him, “O my son, do not set up any idols beside GOD; idolatry is a gross injustice.”

[42:39] When gross injustice befalls them, they stand up for their rights. 

[42:41] Certainly, those who stand up for their rights, when injustice befalls them, are not committing any error. 

[16:126] And if you punish, you shall inflict an equivalent punishment. But if you resort to patience (instead of revenge), it would be better for the patient ones.

[4:40] GOD does not inflict an atom’s weight of injustice. On the contrary, He multiplies the reward manifold for the righteous work, and grants from Him a great recompense. 

[72:13] ” `When we heard the guidance, we believed therein. Anyone who believes in his Lord will never fear any injustice, nor any affliction. 

[23:62] We never burden any soul beyond its means, and we keep a record that utters the truth. No one will suffer injustice. 

https://quranstudy19.com/2015/08/24/punishment-4145-4147/

What is bad language? Is it only limited to foul language or would negative comments be part of bad language?  

Is there such thing as “righteous” anger? 

Anger is a loss of control. Believers should never lose control and therefore never intentionally get angry, if they do they should repent. Therefore righteous anger should not exist.

When God says that “He is angry” it is not that God is actually angry, but putting things into a prespective that we can understand God as anger is a human emotion.

Believe For Your Own Good

[39:7] If you disbelieve, GOD does not need anyone. But He dislikes to see His servants make the wrong decision. If you decide to be appreciative, He is pleased for you. No soul bears the sins of any other soul. Ultimately, to your Lord is your return, then He will inform you of everything you had done. He is fully aware of the innermost thoughts.

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Punishment (4:145 – 4:147)

They Think That They Are Believers

[4:145] The hypocrites will be committed to the lowest pit of Hell, and you will find no one to help them.
[4:146] Only those who repent, reform, hold fast to GOD, and devote their religion absolutely to GOD alone, will be counted with the believers. GOD will bless the believers with a great recompense.
[4:147] What will GOD gain from punishing you, if you became appreciative and believed? GOD is Appreciative, Omniscient. 

Can you conclude that those who believe and are appreciative that are not going to get punished?

Yes. Anything that happens to the believers and those who are appreciative is for their own good. Punishment is a consequence; God guides the believers to purify them and allow them to increase in belief. When you are appreciative you are appreciative all the time not just when things are going well. If we are believers we need to understand that everything happens to us is for our good.

Believe For Your Own Good

[39:7] If you disbelieve, GOD does not need anyone. But He dislikes to see His servants make the wrong decision. If you decide to be appreciative, He is pleased for you. No soul bears the sins of any other soul. Ultimately, to your Lord is your return, then He will inform you of everything you had done. He is fully aware of the innermost thoughts.

Look at the example of Joseph. From an outside observer who saw Joseph’s life during any of his adversities it would have looked like it was for his detriment, but in actuality it was for his benefit.

Appreciative vs Unappreciative

[14:7] Your Lord has decreed: “The more you thank Me, the more I give you.” But if you turn unappreciative, then My retribution is severe.

Everything that we have belongs to God that is on loan to us during our temporary time on this planet. Complaining turning something to a negative is a lack of trust in God.

Traits of the Believers

[42:37] They avoid gross sins and vice, and when angered they forgive.
[42:38] They respond to their Lord by observing the Contact Prayers (Salat). Their affairs are decided after due consultation among themselves, and from our provisions to them they give (to charity).
[42:39] When gross injustice befalls them, they stand up for their rights.
[42:40] Although the just requital for an injustice is an equivalent retribution, those who pardon and maintain righteousness are rewarded by GOD. He does not love the unjust.
[42:41] Certainly, those who stand up for their rights, when injustice befalls them, are not committing any error.
[42:42] The wrong ones are those who treat the people unjustly, and resort to aggression without provocation. These have incurred a painful retribution.
[42:43] Resorting to patience and forgiveness reflects a true strength of character.

As believers we should never see anything in our life as a punishment unless we are knowingly committing sin. Even if it is a pinch it is for our own good. God never punishes the believers, any hardship believers go through is for their own good.

Punishment:
▸to make someone suffer because they have done something against the law or against the rules
▸to make someone suffer as a result of something they have done

Individuals who go from belief to disbelief are not immune from retribution:

Greater Miracles Bring Greater Responsibility*

[5:114] Said Jesus, the son of Mary, “Our god, our Lord, send down to us a feast from the sky. Let it bring plenty for each and every one of us, and a sign from You. Provide for us; You are the best Provider.” Footnote
[5:115] GOD said, “I am sending it down. Anyone among you who disbelieves after this, I will punish him as I never punished anyone else.”*

[12:42] He then said to the one to be saved “Remember me at your lord.”* Thus, the devil caused him to forget his Lord, and, consequently, he remained in prison a few more years. 

[32:21] We let them taste the smaller retribution (of this world), before they incur the greater retribution (of the Hereafter), that they may (take a hint and) reform.

[8:33] However, GOD is not to punish them while you are in their midst; GOD is not to punish them while they are seeking forgiveness.

Psychology: Reinforcement and Punishment
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wLoMs-OzimU

The Hypocrites (4:141 – 4:144)

The Hypocrites

[4:141] They watch you and wait; if you attain victory from GOD, they say (to you), “Were we not with you?” But if the disbelievers get a turn, they say (to them), “Did we not side with you, and protect you from the believers?” GOD will judge between you on the Day of Resurrection. GOD will never permit the disbelievers to prevail over the believers.
[4:142] The hypocrites think that they are deceiving GOD, but He is the One who leads them on. When they get up for the Contact Prayer (Salat), they get up lazily. That is because they only show off in front of the people, and rarely do they think of GOD.
[4:143] They waver in between, neither belonging to this group, nor that group. Whomever GOD sends astray, you will never find a way to guide him.
[4:144] O you who believe, you shall not ally yourselves with the disbelievers, instead of the believers. Do you wish to provide GOD with a clear proof against you?

[4:94] O you who believe, if you strike in the cause of GOD, you shall be absolutely sure. Do not say to one who offers you peace, “You are not a believer,” seeking the spoils of this world. For GOD possesses infinite spoils. Remember that you used to be like them, and GOD blessed you. Therefore, you shall be absolutely sure (before you strike). GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do. 

[4:135] O you who believe, you shall be absolutely equitable, and observe GOD, when you serve as witnesses, even against yourselves, or your parents, or your relatives. Whether the accused is rich or poor, GOD takes care of both. Therefore, do not be biased by your personal wishes. If you deviate or disregard (this commandment), then GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do.

[3:118] O you who believe, do not befriend outsiders who never cease to wish you harm; they even wish to see you suffer. Hatred flows out of their mouths and what they hide in their chests is far worse. We thus clarify the revelations for you, if you understand.

Basic Law Regulating Relations With Unbelievers

[60:8] GOD does not enjoin you from befriending those who do not fight you because of religion, and do not evict you from your homes. You may befriend them and be equitable towards them. GOD loves the equitable.
[60:9] GOD enjoins you only from befriending those who fight you because of religion, evict you from your homes, and band together with others to banish you. You shall not befriend them. Those who befriend them are the transgressors.

Freedom of Speech (4:140)

[4:140] He has instructed you in the scripture that: if you hear GOD’s revelations being mocked and ridiculed, you shall not sit with them, unless they delve into another subject. Otherwise, you will be as guilty as they are. GOD will gather the hypocrites and the disbelievers together in Hell. 

This verse tells us that Submission is a religion of peace. Imagine if someone is mocking someone you love like your parents, spouse or children? Most people would retaliate. Since believers love God the most, God is telling us that in such a scenario the proper response is to get up and leave.

Freedom of Speech

Respect for the Word of God

[6:68] If you see those who mock our revelations, you shall avoid them until they delve into another subject. If the devil causes you to forget, then, as soon as you remember, do not sit with such evil people.
[6:69] The righteous are not responsible for the utterances of those people, but it may help to remind them; perhaps they may be saved. 

[88:21] You shall remind, for your mission is to deliver this reminder.
[88:22] You have no power over them.

Freedom of Speech: How Is Offensive Speech Good For Society? | Learn Liberty
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTAp4ft6F6o

Bearing False Witness (4:135 – 4:139)

You Shall Not Bear False Witness

[4:135] O you who believe, you shall be absolutely equitable, and observe GOD, when you serve as witnesses, even against yourselves, or your parents, or your relatives. Whether the accused is rich or poor, GOD takes care of both. Therefore, do not be biased by your personal wishes. If you deviate or disregard (this commandment), then GOD is fully Cognizant of everything you do.
[4:136] O you who believe, you shall believe in GOD and His messenger, and the scripture He has revealed through His messenger, and the scripture He has revealed before that. Anyone who refuses to believe in GOD, and His angels, and His scriptures, and His messengers, and the Last Day, has indeed strayed far astray.
[4:137] Surely, those who believe, then disbelieve, then believe, then disbelieve, then plunge deeper into disbelief, GOD will not forgive them, nor will He guide them in any way.
[4:138] Inform the hypocrites that they have incurred painful retribution.
[4:139] They are the ones who ally themselves with disbelievers instead of believers. Are they seeking dignity with them? All dignity belongs with GOD alone. 

Harvard Law posted this verse (4:135) to the entrance to their law school.
http://library.law.harvard.edu/justicequotes/explore-the-room/west/

Picking Cotton: 60 Minutes Special
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=LkBiaI9PSQU

 

Bizarre Betrayal: Friend’s False Testimony Led to Murder Conviction
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gVhhGsf_his

To God Belongs Everything in the Heavens and The Earth (4:130 – 4:134) + (4:126)

[4:130] If the couple must decide to part, GOD will provide for each of them from His bounties. GOD is Bounteous, Most Wise.
[4:131] To GOD belongs everything in the heavens and the earth, and we have enjoined on those who received the scripture before you, and enjoined on you, that you shall reverence GOD. If you disbelieve, then to GOD belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. GOD is in no need, Praiseworthy.
[4:132] To GOD belongs everything in the heavens and the earth, and GOD is the only Protector.
[4:133] If He wills, He can annihilate you, O people, and substitute others in your place. GOD is certainly able to do this.
[4:134] Anyone who seeks the materials of this world should know that GOD possesses both the materials of this world and the Hereafter. GOD is Hearer, Seer.
 
[4:126] To GOD belongs everything in the heavens and the earth. GOD is in full control of all things.

Polygamy (4:129)

Polygamy Discouraged*

[4:129] You can never be equitable in dealing with more than one wife, no matter how hard you try. Therefore, do not be so biased as to leave one of them hanging (neither enjoying marriage, nor left to marry someone else). If you correct this situation and maintain righteousness, GOD is Forgiver, Most Merciful.
*4:129 See Appendix 30, entitled “Polygamy.”

Appendix 30

Polygamy was a way of life until the Quran was revealed 1400 years ago. When the earth was young and under-populated, polygamy was one way of populating it and bringing in the human beings needed to carry out God’s plan. By the time the Quran was revealed, the world had been sufficiently populated, and the Quran put down the first limitations against polygamy.

Polygamy is permitted in the Quran, but under strictly observed circumstances. Any abuse of this divine permission incurs severe retribution. Thus, although polygamy is permitted by God, it behooves us to examine our circumstances carefully before saying that a particular polygamous relationship is permissible.

Our perfect example here is the prophet Muhammad. He was married to one wife, Khadijah, until she died. He had all his children, except one, from Khadijah. Thus, she and her children enjoyed the Prophet’s full attention for as long as she was married to him; twenty-five years. For all practical purposes, Muhammad had one wife – from the age of 25 to 50. During the remaining 13 years of his life, he married the aged widows of his friends who left many children. The children needed a complete home, with a fatherly figure, and the Prophet provided that. Providing a fatherly figure for orphans is the only specific circumstance in support of polygamy mentioned in the Quran (4:3).

Other than marrying widowed mothers of orphans, there were three political marriages in the Prophet’s life. His close friends Abu Bakr and Omar insisted that he marry their daughters, Aisha and Hafsah, to establish traditional family ties among them. The third marriage was to Maria the Egyptian; she was given to him as a political gesture of friendship from the ruler of Egypt.

This perfect example tells us that a man must give his full attention and loyalty in marriage to his wife and children in order to raise a happy and wholesome family.

The Quran emphasizes the limitations against polygamy in very strong words: “If you fear lest you may not be perfectly equitable in treating more than one wife, then you shall be content with one.” (4:3) “You cannot be equitable in a polygamous relationship, no matter how hard you try.” (4:129)

The Quranic limitations against polygamy point out the possibility of abusing God’s law. Therefore, unless we are absolutely sure that God’s law will not be abused, we had better resist our lust and stay away from polygamy. If the circumstances do not dictate polygamy, we had better give our full attention to one wife and one set of children. The children’s psychological and social well-being, especially in countries where polygamy is prohibited, almost invariably dictate monogamy. A few basic criteria must be observed in contemplating polygamy:

1. It must alleviate pain and suffering and not cause any pain or suffering.

2. If you have a young family, it is almost certain that polygamy is an abuse.

3. Polygamy to substitute a younger wife is an abuse of God’s law (4:19).

http://www.quranalone.com/the-quran/appendices/appendix-30.php