2:63 – 2:76

Today we read: from 2:63 – 76.

Below are notes from today’s study.

What is a heifer?
Definition: A young cow before she has had her first calf
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heifer

What is plowing?
[2:71] He said, “He says that she is a heifer that was never humiliated in plowing the land or watering the crops; free from any blemish.” They said, “Now you have brought the truth.” They finally sacrificed her, after this lengthy reluctance.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uAc-X7itOYc

What is the message from the heifer

God’s messenger provides a commandment from God and as oppose to saying “we hear and we obey” they Children of Israel object and question Moses…”Are you mocking us?” 2:67

Most people are reluctant to follow God’s order

This is similar to the example of Moses and his teacher in 18:60 – 82

Even though we acknowledge God is doing everything our first tendency may still be to object

2:65 Discusses those who desecrated the Sabbath and this is regarding 7:163 – 7:166

Observing the Commandments Brings Prosperity
[7:163] Remind them of the community by the sea, who desecrated the Sabbath. When they observed the Sabbath, the fish came to them abundantly. And when they violated the Sabbath, the fish did not come. We thus afflicted them, as a consequence of their transgression.

Mocking and Ridiculing God’s Message
[7:164] Recall that a group of them said, “Why should you preach to people whom GOD will surely annihilate or punish severely?” They answered, “Apologize to your Lord,” that they might be saved.
[7:165] When they disregarded what they were reminded of, we saved those who prohibited evil, and afflicted the wrongdoers with a terrible retribution for their wickedness.
[7:166] When they continued to defy the commandments, we said to them, “Be you despicable apes.”

How do we know that the Quran is from God?
Unlike any other book in the world the Quran is numerically structured via a mathematical code similar to modern day encryption

Even the occurrence of certain words and phrases in the Quran are numerically coded

Appendix 1: Simple facts

1. The first verse (1:1), known as “Basmalah,” consists of 19 letters.
2. The Quran consists of 114 suras, which is 19 x 6.
3. The total number of verses in the Quran is 6346, or 19 x 334.
[6234 numbered verses & 112 un-numbered verses (Basmalahs) 6234+112 = 6346] Note that 6+3+4+6= 19.
4. The Basmalah occurs 114 times, despite its conspicuous absence from Sura 9 (it occurs twice in Sura 27) & 114= 19 x 6.
5. From the missing Basmalah of Sura 9 to the extra Basmalah of Sura 27, there are precisely 19 suras.
6. It follows that the total of the sura numbers from 9 to 27 (9+10+11+12+…+26+27) is 342, or 19 x 18.
7. This total (342) also equals the number of words between the two Basmalahs of Sura 27, and 342 = 19 x 18.
8. The famous first revelation (96:1-5) consists of 19 words.
9. This 19-worded first revelation consists of 76 letters 19 x 4.
10. Sura 96, first in the chronological sequence, consists of 19 verses.
11. This first chronological sura is placed atop the last 19 suras.
12. Sura 96 consists of 304 Arabic letters, and 304 equals 19 x 16.
13. The last revelation (Sura 110) consists of 19 words.
14. The first verse of the last revelation (110:1) consists of 19 letters.
15. 14 different Arabic letters, form 14 different sets of “Quranic Initials” (such as A.L.M. of 2:1), and prefix 29 suras. These numbers add up to 14+14+29=57= 19 x 3.
16. The total of the 29 sura numbers where the Quranic Initials occur is 2+3+7+…+50+68 = 822, and 822+14 (14 sets of initials) equals 836, or 19 x 44.
17. Between the first initialed sura (Sura 2) and the last initialed sura (Sura 68) there are 38 un-initialed suras 19 x 2.
18. Between the first and last initialed sura there are
of alternating “initialed” and “uninitialed” suras.
19 sets
19. The Quran mentions 30 different numbers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 19, 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, 80, 99, 100, 200, 300, 1000, 2000, 3000, 5000, 50,000, & 100,000. The sum of these numbers is 162146, which equals 19 x 8534.

Additionally the Quran has 29 chapters that begin with Arabic intials

No. Sura No. Sura Title Quranic Initials
1. 2 The Heifer A.L.M.
2. 3 The Amramites A.L.M.
3. 7 The Purgatory A.L.M.S.
4. 10 Jonah A.L.R.
5. 11 Hud A.L.R.
6. 12 Joseph A.L.R.
7. 13 Thunder A.L.M.R.
8. 14 Abraham A.L.R.
9. 15 Al-Hijr Valley A.L.R.
10. 19 Mary K.H.Y.’A.S.
11. 20 T.H. T.H.
12. 26 The Poets T.S.M.
13. 27 The Ant T.S.
14. 28 History T.S.M.
15. 29 The Spider A.L.M.
16. 30 The Romans A.L.M.
17. 31 Luqmaan A.L.M.
18. 32 Prostration A.L.M.
19. 36 Y.S. Y.S.
20. 38 S. S.
21. 40 Forgiver H.M.
22. 41 Elucidated H.M.
23. 42 Consultation H.M.’A.S.Q.
24. 43 Ornaments H.M.
25. 44 Smoke H.M.
26. 45 Kneeling H.M.
27. 46 The Dunes H.M.
28. 50 Q. Q.
29. 68 The Pen NuN

Some examples below:

[2:1] A.L.M.*
[2:2] This scripture is infallible; a beacon for the righteous;

[7:1] A. L. M. S.
[7:2] This scripture has been revealed to you – you shall not harbor doubt about it in your heart – that you may warn with it, and to provide a reminder for the believers.

[11:1] A.L.R. This is a scripture whose verses have been perfected, then elucidated.* It comes from a Most Wise, Most Cognizant.

[40:1] H. M.
[40:2] This revelation of the scripture is from GOD, the Almighty, the Omniscient.

[27:1] T. S. These (letters) constitute proofs of the Quran; a profound scripture.
[27:2] A beacon, and good news, for the believers.

[31:1] A. L. M.
[31:2] These (letters) constitute proofs of this book of wisdom.

Each of these letters in their corresponding chapters consistently occur in multiples of 19 within their respective chapters. For instance:

The Quranic Initial “Q” (Qaaf)
The computer data showed that the text of the only Q-initialed suras, 42 and 50, contained the same number of Q’s, 57 and 57. That was the first hint that a deliberate mathematical system might exist in the Quran.

Sura 50 is entitled “Q,” prefixed with “Q,” and the first verse reads, “Q, and the glorious Quran.” This indicated that “Q” stands for “Quran,” and the total number of Q’s in the two Q-initialed suras represents the Quran’s 114 suras (57+57 = 114 = 19×6). This idea was strengthened by the fact that “the Quran” occurs in the Quran 57 times.

The Quran is described in Sura “Q” as “Majid” (glorious), and the Arabic word “Majid” has a gematrical value of 57: M (40)+J (3)+I (10)+D (4) = 57.

Sura 42 consists of 53 verses, and 42+53 = 95 = 19×5.
Sura 50 consists of 45 verses, and 50+45 = 95, same total as in Sura 42.

By counting the letter “Q” in every “Verse 19” throughout the Quran, the total count comes to 76, 19×4. Here is a summary of the Q-related data:

1. The frequency of occurrence of “Q” in Sura “Q” (No. 50) is 57, 19×3.
2. The letter “Q” occurs in the other Q-initialed sura (No. 42) exactly the same number of times, 57.
3. The total occurrence of the letter “Q” in the two Q- initialed suras is 114, which equals the number of suras in the Quran.
4. “The Quran” is mentioned in the Quran 57 times.
5. The description of the Quran as “Majid” (Glorious) is correlated with the frequency of occurrence of the letter “Q” in each of the Q-initialed suras. The word “Majid” has a gematrical value of 57.
7. Sura 42 consists of 53 verses, and 42+53 is 95, or 19×5.
8. Sura 50 consists of 45 verses, and 50+45 is also 95, 19×5.
9. The number of Q’s in all verses numbered “19” throughout the Quran is 76, 19×4.

Glimpses of the Quran’s mathematical composition began to emerge. For example, it was observed that the people who disbelieved in Lot are mentioned in 50:13 and occur in the Quran 13 times – 7:80; 11:70, 74, 89; 21:74; 22:43; 26:160; 27:54, 56; 29:28; 38:13; 50:13; and 54:33. Consistently, they are referred to as “Qawm,” with the single exception of the Q-initialed Sura 50 where they are referred to as “Ikhwaan.” Obviously, if the regular, Q-containing word “Qawm” were used, the count of the letter “Q” in Sura 50 would have become 58, and this whole phenomenon would have disappeared. With the recognized absolute accuracy of mathematics, the alteration of a single letter destroys the system.

Another relevant example is the reference to Mecca in 3:96 as “Becca“! This strange spelling of the renowned city has puzzled Islamic scholars for many centuries. Although Mecca is mentioned in the Quran properly spelled in 48:24, the letter “M” is substituted with a “B” in 3:96. It turns out that Sura 3 is an M-initialed sura, and the count of the letter “M” would have deviated from the Quran’s code if “Mecca” was spelled correctly in 3:96.

Becca is the ancient name of Mecca, similar to Yathrib being the ancient name to Medina (33:13). Beca is referred to in Psalms 84:6.

Psalms 84
1 How lovely are Your dwelling places, O Lord of hosts!
My soul longed and even yearned for the courts of the Lord;
My heart and my flesh sing for joy to the living God.
The bird also has found a house,
And the swallow a nest for herself, where she may lay her young,
Even Your altars, O Lord of hosts,
My King and my God.
How blessed are those who dwell in Your house!
They are ever praising You. 

How blessed is the man whose strength is in You,
In whose heart are the highways to Zion!
Passing through the valley of Baca they make it a spring;
The early rain also covers it with blessings.
They go from strength to strength,
Every one of them appears before God in Zion.

Why 19?

Chapter 74: The Hidden Secret (Al-Muddath-thir)

[74:0] In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
[74:1] O you hidden secret.
[74:2] Come out and warn.
[74:3] Extol your Lord.
[74:4] Purify your garment.

Note: This garment is the Quran. The purpose of the Hidden Secret is to purify this Quran.

[74:5] Forsake what is wrong.
[74:6] Be content with your lot.
[74:7] Steadfastly commemorate your Lord.
[74:8] Then, when the horn is blown.
[74:9] That will be a difficult day.
[74:10] For the disbelievers, not easy.
[74:11] Let Me deal with one I created as an individual.
[74:12] I provided him with lots of money.
[74:13] And children to behold.
[74:14] I made everything easy for him.
[74:15] Yet, he is greedy for more.
[74:16] He stubbornly refused to accept these proofs.

Note: The disbeliever refuses to accept the proof in the Quran.

[74:17] I will increasingly punish him.
[74:18] For he reflected, then decided.
[74:19] Miserable is what he decided.
[74:20] Miserable indeed is what he decided.
[74:21] He looked.
[74:22] He frowned and whined.
[74:23] Then he turned away arrogantly.
[74:24] He said, “This is but clever magic!
[74:25] “This is human made.”

Note: The disbeliever is calling the proofs in the Quran “clever magic” and “human made”

[74:26] I will commit him to retribution.
[74:27] What retribution!
[74:28] Thorough and comprehensive.
[74:29] Obvious to all the people.

The Quran’s Common Denominator
[74:30] Over it is nineteen.

Note: 19 is God’s answer to the disbeliever’s claim that this book is “human made”

[74:31] We appointed angels to be guardians of Hell, and we assigned their number (19) (1) to disturb the disbelievers, (2) to convince the Christians and Jews (that this is a divine scripture), (3) to strengthen the faith of the faithful, (4) to remove all traces of doubt from the hearts of Christians, Jews, as well as the believers, and (5) to expose those who harbor doubt in their hearts, and the disbelievers; they will say, “What did GOD mean by this allegory?” GOD thus sends astray whomever He wills, and guides whomever He wills. None knows the soldiers of your Lord except He. This is a reminder for the people.

[74:32] Absolutely, (I swear) by the moon.
[74:33] And the night as it passes.
[74:34] And the morning as it shines.

    One of the Great Miracles

[74:35] This is one of the great miracles.* 
[74:36] A warning to the human race.

Note: This miracle serves 5 purposes and is a warning to the human race.

Encryption is the process of encoding messages (or information) in such a way that eavesdroppers or hackers cannot read it, but that authorized parties can.

In an encryption scheme, the message or information (referred to as plaintext) is encrypted using an encryption algorithm, turning it into an unreadable ciphertext

The simplest form of encryption is letter swapping:

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Q W E R T Y U I O P A S D F G H J K L Z X C V B N M

So when I write out a message it will come out looking like gibberish

It was actually in 850 that someone by the name of Al-Kindi, an Iraqui Muslim Arab philosopher, mathematician, came up with a simple way to decipher this form of encryption.

In any language the frequency of certain letters in that language can be determined using a large enough selection of text.

So when you have an encrypted text you can find the letter that is used the most frequently and assume that in English that letter would be ‘e’, then the second most common letter would constitute ‘t’, etc.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letter_frequency#mediaviewer/File:English_letter_frequency_(frequency).svg

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Letter_frequency#mediaviewer/File:English_letter_frequency_(alphabetic).svg

The method of cracking encryption is called frequency analysis.

It was actually one of the insights God bestowed on to His messenger when he realized that the occurrence of the letters of any initialed chapter did not match the common frequency of those letters in a common Arabic text of the same length.

For instance Chapter 42 and 50 both have the initial Q. But even though Chapter 42 is twice the length of Chapter 50, the occurrence of the letter Q is 57 in both chapters.

This was one of the first major clues to the mathematical miracle of the Quran.

Now this entire field of encryption and decryption is known as “Cryptography

It is worth mentioning that the etymology of the word Cryptography is “Hidden Secret”

Cryptography:

  1. Computers Any of various mathematical techniques for encrypting and decrypting data in order to keep it private when transmitted or stored electronically.
  2. The process or skill of communicating in or deciphering secret writings or ciphers.
  3. Secret writing.

Cryptography is the practice and study of techniques for secure communication in the presence of third parties (called adversaries)

God’s form of encryption is “sincerity”

Those who are insincere will have no access to it – they are blocked from cracking the encryption.

Only the Sincere Can Understand the Quran

[56:75] I swear by the positions of the stars.
[56:76] This is an oath, if you only knew, that is awesome.
[56:77] This is an honorable Quran.
[56:78] In a protected book.
[56:79] None can grasp it except the sincere.
[56:80] A revelation from the Lord of the universe.

How awesome is it that God created a text that is legible to all, because most encrypted text is unintelligible, yet the Quran is written perfect Arabic tongue with no nonsense, no gibberish.

Such that a believer and disbeliever can both pick up the book…

Read the book…

Yet the disbeliever will have no understanding of what he just read while the believer is overwhelmed with joy

Mathematical Miracle of the Quran*

[41:41] Those who have rejected the Quran’s proof* when it came to them, have also rejected an Honorable book.
[41:42] No falsehood could enter it, in the past or in the future;* a revelation from a Most Wise, Praiseworthy.

    God’s Messenger of the Covenant*
[41:43] What is said to you is precisely what was said to the previous messengers. Your Lord possesses forgiveness, and He also possesses painful retribution.

    Language is Irrelevant
[41:44] If we made it a non-Arabic Quran they would have said, “Why did it come down in that language?” Whether it is Arabic or non-Arabic, say, “For those who believe, it is a guide and healing. As for those who disbelieve, they will be deaf and blind to it, as if they are being addressed from faraway.”

Healing and Mercy

[17:82] We send down in the Quran healing and mercy for the believers. At the same time, it only increases the wickedness of the transgressors.

[22:46] Did they not roam the earth, then use their minds to understand, and use their ears to hear? Indeed, the real blindness is not the blindness of the eyes, but the blindness of the hearts inside the chests.

[47:16] Some of them listen to you, then as soon as they leave they ask those who were enlightened, “What did he just say?” GOD thus seals their hearts and, consequently, they follow only their opinions.

WHY 19!

As pointed out later in this Appendix, all God’s scriptures, not only the Quran, were mathematically coded with the number “19.” Even the universe at large bears this divine mark. The number 19 can be looked upon as the Almighty Creator’s signature on everything He created (see Appendix 38). The number “19” possesses unique mathematical properties beyond the scope of this Appendix. For example:

[1] It is a prime number.

[2] It encompasses the first numeral (1) and the last numeral (9), as if to proclaim God’s attribute in 57:3 as the “Alpha and the Omega.”
[3] It looks the same in all languages of the world. Both components, 1 and 9, are the only numerals that look the same in all languages.
[4] It possesses many peculiar mathematical properties. For example, 19 is the sum of the first powers of 9 and 10, and the difference between the second powers of 9 and 10.

We now understand that the uni-versal coding of God’s creations with the number 19 rests in the fact that it is the gematrical value of the word “ONE” in all the scriptural languages – Aramaic, Hebrew, and Arabic.

The number 19, therefore, pro-claims the First Commandment in all the scriptures: that there is only ONE God.

The Lord our God is ONE!
Therefore, you shall worship
the Lord your God
with all your heart,
with all your soul,
with all your mind,
and with all your strength.
[Deuteronomy 6:4-5]
[Mark 12:29]
[Quran 12:163, 17:22-23]
Table 20: Why “19!”

Letter
Hebrew Arabic Value
V W 6
A A 1
H H 8
D D 4
19

As shown in Table 7, the Aramaic, Hebrew, and Arabic alphabets used to double as numerals in accordance with a universally established system. The Hebrew word for “ONE” is “VAHD” (pronounced V-AHAD). In Arabic, the word for “ONE” is “WAHD” (pronounced WAAHED). See Table 20.

Appendix 38:

The scriptures are not the only mathematically composed creations of God where the number 19 is the common denominator. It is profound indeed that Galileo made his famous statement: “Mathematics is the language with which God created the universe.” A plethora of scientific findings have now shown that the number 19 represents God’s signature upon certain creations. This divine stamp appears throughout the universe in much the same manner as the signature of Michelangelo and Picasso identify their works. For example:

  1. The sun, the moon, and the earth become aligned in the same relative positions once every 19 years (see ENCYCLOPEDIA JUDAICA under “Calendar”).
  2. Halley’s comet, a profound heavenly phenomenon, visits our solar system every 76 years, 19×4.
  3. God’s stamp on you and me is manifested in the fact that the human body contains 209 bones, 19×11.
  4. LANGMAN’S MEDICAL EMBRYOLOGY, by T. W. Sadler, is used as a textbook in most of the Medical Schools in the U.S.A. On Page 88 of the Fifth edition, we read the following statement: “In general the length of pregnancy for a full term fetus is considered to be 280 days or 40 weeks after onset of the last menstruation, or more accurately, 266 days or 38 weeks after fertilization.” The numbers 266 and 38 are both multiples of 19.

Overview of the Mathematical Miracle of the Quran

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